Tuesday, December 12, 2017

How To Beautifully Tackle Your Skin To Beauty

Dry skin is no new to us. Sometimes skin colour changes and make us look our other self, which gives a disturbing concern.

Weather sometimes cheat us through the skin, when the weather is harsh then the skin tend to suffer from it.

A dry skin that peels can be very annoying and unattractive which hugely turn us off.

Avoiding Dry and Peeling Skin

Why is My Skin Dry And Peeling

It is important to understand the cause of skin peel and dryness.


According to bustle.com, sometimes infection, medication or allergy is the cause. But if you have no idea why your skin is peeling, or if you have skin blisters or severe irritation, consult your doctor or dermatologist before any home treatment.


If you notice your skin has started to peel off, the first thing you should do is take a cold shower or bath. The cold water will help your skin cool down and slow the peeling process. When you are drying your skin, be sure to pat it dry with a clean, soft towel and avoid rubbing. By rubbing your skin, you can actually speed up and spread the peeling of your skin.

Avoid Scratching

You should avoid scratching your skin when it’s peeling. You can actually do permanent damage to your skin in the form of scars. If you get the urge to scratch, the best thing to do is to use ice to dull the sensation. Put ice in a piece of soft cloth and gently place the cloth on top of the area of your skin that itches. The itch should subside once the ice begins to cool down the skin.

Moisturise Your Skin

Moisten and smoothen the injured or severely-dry skin by placing a cool compress on the skin, or taking a bath or a shower. If the area needs to be cleaned, use mild soap. Pat dry with a towel and avoid rubbing. Once you get out of the shower and dry your skin, apply a moisturising lotion. Look for a moisturiser that is specifically designed to work on sunburned or peeling skin. Generally, the lotion should contain aloe vera, which will cool your skin, reduce inflammation and slow the peeling.

Drink Lot Of Water

Now that you have cooled your skin from the outside, it’s time to start working on your skin from the inside.

Nothing helps your skin as much as glass cups of water. Healthy skin needs to stay hydrated. When your skin is outstressed after the day's work then water becomes a necessity. Drink lot of water to give your skin all it needed to repair and revive itself. If you notice your skin beginning to peel, be sure to drink eight to 10 glasses of water daily.

Don’t peel it

Dry and peeling skin can also lead to an infection. While you may be tempted to remove the peeling skin as quickly as possible, this should not be the priority.

Premature removal can cause irritation, pain and risk infection. It’s important to allow time for the new skin underneath to heal.

Peeling skin can be infected if you scratch or try to forcefully peel the skin. If there is a segment of dead skin that is hanging off and you want to remove it, don’t pull on it, no matter how tempting it is. Instead, get a small pair of scissors and carefully cut away just that section of skin. Be sure you are only cutting away dead skin and you don’t tear skin that is trying to heal. Once you cut away the dead skin, apply an antibacterial ointment to the area.

Prevent Itching

Reduce the itch associated with peeling (and moisturise your skin) by taking a cool bath containing colloidal oatmeal. You can find this fine oatmeal in most pharmacies. To help prevent scarring, promote healing and reduce long-term skin damage, take antioxidant supplements vitamin C and vitamin E. Also apply a topical vitamin E cream to reduce the chances of scarring.

Be Prepared

Prevention they say is better than cure. Plan ahead and don’t get sunburned in the first place. By the time your skin starts peeling, the damage has already been done. Before you go out into the sun, always wear sunscreen to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays. If you are going into the water, be sure to reapply sunscreen each time you get out. When applying sunscreen, don’t forget about hidden areas, such as behind your ears, which are often forgotten and end up burned.

Seek Expert Advice

If your skin is recovering from a burn, rash or allergic reaction, seek advice from your doctor about proper skin care. Seek medical care right away if you have a severe burn or if you have signs of infection, including a fever, drainage of pus or red streaks coming from the injured or irritated area. Also see your doctor if you have a severe skin injury, if your skin is peeling for no apparent reason or if your skin is red, warm, swollen or painful.

Here you can get beautiful care 

"Hannah Do is the founder of Thank Your Skin, a beauty blog dedicated to providing honest skin care advice and information. She aspires to help her readers achieve their most beautiful skin by sharing personal tips learned through both years of experience and thorough research. You can find her on TwitterPinterest and Facebook

Monday, December 11, 2017

Amazing Benefits of Drinking Water in The Morning

Water as it implies is very good and advantageous to the body healthy. It is recommended to drink close to 8 glass cups every morning before doing anything.

Some of the benefits of water to the health is as follows

 1. It Speeds Up Metabolism.

If you are on a diet, drinking water on an empty stomach can give your diet a boost as it can help raise the metabolic rate by almost 25 percent.

Speeding up the metabolism helps in faster digestion of food, and this helps in losing weight in the long run.

It is always preferred to drink at least four liters of water per day for best results.

2. It Boosts Your Immunity.

We are aware of the fact that water is essential for our overall health and wellness.

What we also need to know is that water is necessary to maintain the fluid balance in the body.

Making it a habit of drinking waterregularly on an empty stomach can prove to be beneficial for our immune system. This can help you fight off infections.

3. It Clears Your Bowels.

Drinking water on an empty stomach can assist in regulating the digestive tract.

And when you drink a lot of water, you feel the urge to flush out your bowels.

Practicing this daily can help in regular bowel movement and also contributes to getting rid of waste from your body regularly

4. It Also Helps In Expelling Toxins From The Body.

Whenever you pee, you expel toxins in the liquid form.

The more you drink water, the more you go to the bathroom. In this way, you cleanse and detoxify your body. It also prevents bloating.

5. It Prevents Migraine Attacks.

One of the primary reasons people suffer from frequent headaches and migraine attacks is due to lack of water in the body.

Dehydration is the root cause of headaches, and drinking water at frequent intervals, especially on an empty stomach, can help get rid of headaches naturally.

Not only this, drinking sufficient water also helps in keeping oral or dental problems at bay.

6. It Helps In Boosting Energy.

If you feel sleepy or sluggish, drinking water on an empty stomach can make you feel active instantly.

It stimulates the red blood cells to grow faster, which results in more oxygen and energy.


A Natural Method for Weight Loss!

Garcinia Cambogia also known as Malabar Tamarind is a tropical fruit predominantly found in the South East Asian countries. Similar to a small pumpkin in appearance, it comes in green and pale yellow color. It is rich in HCA (hydroxycitric), a chemical compound that majorly attributes to the fruit’s weight loss properties. 

Garcinia Cambogia is popularly emerging as one of the most sought after supplement for weight loss in the recent times. Garcinia Cambogia works as a natural appetite suppressant facilitating a natural method for weight loss.

Garcinia Cambogia is emerging as one of the most effective fat burners all over the globe without resorting to strenuous exercise or diet plan.

Although scientific research has proved that Garcinia Cambogia works much more effectively when collaborated with an exercise and diet plan.

Garcinia Cambogia works by inhibiting the creation of new fat in the body.

Consequently when fat production is reduced in the body, the body begins to burn the stored fat. 


• A SAFE SUPPLEMENT: Garcinia Cambogia is essentially a natural supplement for weight loss. Its natural qualities make it a safer option for rapid weight loss in comparison to other artificial supplements for weight loss that can have serious side effects on the human body.

• SUPRESSES APPETITE: Garcinia Cambogia is a sure shot way to control appetite that in turn helps in reducing weight. What stands out in this natural appetite suppressant is the fact that despite controlling appetite it does not reduce energy levels of the body. Its HCA substance diverts the potential fatty elements into energy, improving the body’s metabolism.

• ELEVATES MOOD: Garcinia Cambogia works not only to reduce weight but also to elevate mood. It is proved to increase levels of Serotonin in the body. Serotonin helps in elevating mood as it is known to be a ‘happy hormone’. Therefore Garcinia Cambogia contains elements that can enhance mood consequently reduce stress levels in individuals by its intake.

• CURBS NEW BELLY FAT: Garcinia Cambogia blocks liver enzymes from converting all the sugar and carbohydrates consumed by the body into fat cells. Simultaneously it makes a new pathway for all the sugar and carbohydrate to convert into energy. This stops new belly fat to accumulate on the body and to add to this all the stored fat in the body begins to shrink. By curbing new belly fat Garcinia Cambogia results in potential weight loss.

• TREATS GASTRIC ULCERS: Garcinia Cambogia contains anti-inflammatory and gastro protective properties that help to cure gastric ulcers.

• DIABETES: Garcinia Cambogia can prove beneficial for people facing diabetic disorders as it also contains properties that help reduce blood sugar levels.

• DISSOLVES KIDNEY STONES: Recent studies on Garcinia Cambogia have proved that the fruit contains properties that can help dissolving painful kidney stones. The compound HCA (Hydroxycitric acid) is believed to suppress the growth of kidney stones and dissolve the crystals.

• IMMUNITY: Due to high concentration levels of Vitamin C in Garcinia Cambogia, the fruit builds up a stronger immune system for the body


For the best outcome for weight reduction, it is suggested to take Garcinia Cambogia about half an hour before a meal, in not more than 1.5 grams per day. That counts to three doses in a day. Garcinia Cambogia works best when the right dose is taken at the right time. Hence in order to yield the best results, make sure to be disciplined with your doses.


• People with high or low blood sugar levels should use Garcinia Cambogia under medical supervision. As in some cases its intake can result in a sudden drop in blood sugar. 

• While opting for Garcinia Cambogia in supplement form, other than its natural extract form, ensure to go for a trusted brand. A quality supplement will contain at least 50% of HCA in it.

• Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not take this supplement due to its high potency of HCA.


There is no way one can deny the benefits of Garcinia Cambogia with all its naturally rich properties. A quality Garcinia Cambogia supplement combined with a planned course of diet and exercise actually ensures positive results in weight loss.


British Teenagers Already Overweight

More than one-third of British teenagers are overweight or obese.

One in five 14-year-olds are obese, putting them in danger of diabetes and heart disease in future.

Teenage girls are most likely to pile on the pounds during puberty, according to a study of more than 11,000 children born at the turn of the millennium.

The study found that children born after the 1980s are up to three times more likely to be overweight than those born before that decade

Among those of a normal weight at age 11, almost one in seven became overweight by the age of 14, despite the link between weight gain and low self-confidence and depression.

The statistics were described as ‘alarming’ by Royal College of GPs chairman Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard, who said it threatened the health of future generations.

The findings show children who were not breastfed, whose mother had less education or did not live in a house they owned, were more likely to be overweight or obese.

Co-author Professor Emla Fitzsimons, from University College London, said: ‘As members of the millennium generation reach early adolescence, rates of obesity and overweight remain a public health concern.

‘These findings show that although rates of excess weight have stabilised since age 11, there is still a worryingly high proportion of young people in this generation who are an unhealthy weight.’

A group of children born in 2000 and 2001, known as the Millennium Cohort, have been followed for years by researchers to monitor obesity among those nicknamed ‘generation Z’.

Royal College of GPs chairman Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard described the statistics as ‘alarming’

The first cause for alarm came between the ages of seven and 11, when the percentage of children who were overweight or obese leapt from 25 to 35 per cent.

The latest study shows the crisis is continuing, with a larger proportion of girls having become overweight in their teenage years. 

UCL researchers found 15 per cent of girls who were a normal weight aged 11 are now overweight, compared to 10 per cent of boys.

Almost 40 per cent of children whose mothers had a GCSE or lower qualification were found to be overweight.

Just 14 per cent of children whose mothers had a degree or higher qualification fell into that group, but campaigners say junk food advertising and a lack of education are also to blame. 

Prof Stokes-Lampard said: ‘This alarming finding that one in five young people are obese by the age of 14 should strike a chord in all of us.

Researchers spoke of an absolute crisis after childhood obesity has risen across the country

‘The stark truth is that overweight and obese children face a lifetime of health-related problems, including increased risk of conditions such as cancer and diabetes if their weight is not addressed.

‘As well as threatening the health of our future generations, obesity-related conditions cost the NHS billions every year, which affects everyone. The earlier we tackle this in our patients, the better.’ 

The UCL study found that children born after the 1980s are up to three times more likely to be overweight than those born before that decade.

Children who were large babies are more likely to be overweight teens, but being breastfed for at least 90 days and growing up in a house their parents owned appeared to protect them from obesity. 

The authors also found differences between white and black teenagers, with 48 per cent of young black people overweight, compared to 34.5 per cent of white teenagers.

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England, said: ‘We’re working with industry to make food healthier, we’ve produced guidance for councils on planning healthier towns and we’re delivering campaigns every day encouraging people to choose healthier food and lead healthier lives. It’s taken many years for us to reach this point and change will not happen overnight.’


Researchers In Florida Explore Cannabis and HIV with Major Grant

The University of Florida Health’s Dr. Robert Cook has lead investigator of a study starting in January that will look at the health effects of cannabis on people with HIV as well as its potential as an alternative to addictive opioids.

Awarded a $3.2 million R01 grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Dr. Cook and his team will conduct a study of 400 persons living with HIV infection to identify relationships between marijuana consumption and control of HIV symptoms, HIV viral suppression, markers of chronic inflammation, and cognitive or behavioral aspects of health.

Florida has the third-highest number of residents living with HIV infection in the U.S., according to a 2015 study conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Was that a factor in why you developed this study?

Fifty percent of people with HIV in Florida are now 50 years old or more. So, we have a lot of older people who currently use marijuana or who are thinking about it. And we don’t have a lot of information on what happens to people over age 50.

What was the impetus for you to study the effects of cannabis on HIV?

As a clinician, I have seen a lot of patients who seem interested in trying medical marijuana for a variety of conditions. I was looking for some data to support which kinds of marijuana might be more beneficial than others and I couldn’t find any evidence so I decided we really needed to do some type of study.

Had you researched cannabis before you decided to do this study?

In the last couple of years, we have been doing some research looking at marijuana and its effects on cognitive function. We have also been looking at marijuana use in HIV viral suppression and we have been looking at a few other things but most of this is limited because all we know about people is: Do you use any marijuana; and if so, how often? So, we can compare people who report daily use vs. non-daily use. We were frustrated by how limited information about how people use marijuana was in the current research. For our study we are going to try to ask a lot more questions about what kind they use; do they get it from a dispensary or not; do they ingest it or smoke it or vape it? We are going to do a urine toxicology to try and figure out if what they use has any of the cannabinoids in it or if it’s only THC. I think there’s a lot of medical interest around the CBD part. It does seem like what’s available to purchase is mostly THC products and the CBD stuff costs more. I would like to be able to tell patients if this is worth it. We need to have data to show if you do have a CBD product that it is better for pain and things like that. Those are the types of questions that I think we need more data on but have been hard to study because marijuana is illegal at the federal level. It’s very hard for researchers to directly study it. One of the biggest limitations of the research we are going to do is that it is going to be reported by the participants themselves. Even though we are going to do this urine screen to see whether there’s THC or not, we still aren’t directly controlling what people use or don’t use. It’s all based on their reporting.

As you begin the study, what is your hypothesis for medicinal cannabis and HIV?

I do believe that people who are getting effective relief from pain, for example, will be using it slightly differently than those who don’t get effective relief from pain. I suspect the CBD part is important, but I don’t have a lot of data to prove it. And I am interested in comparing some of the side effects of people are who are using products that are either long-lasting or that they use several times a day compared to people who use marijuana intermittently. Because even with that I wonder as a physician should we be encouraging people to just dose it all day long versus use as needed. There is an endocannabinoid system in our bodies that’s natural and it may react differently when people are constantly being exposed versus intermittent and I am not sure yet which is better.

Many HIV patients take cannabis to help with sleep, pain and stress, do you believe any other useful information will come out of this study such as aiding HIV’s viral suppression?

It’s very challenging to really prove whether it is helping or not in terms of things like anxiety and stress because we are enrolling people in our study who are already using it for anxiety and stress because you really don’t know what their level would be if they weren’t using it. People may perceive that’s helping but we really don’t know. I hope I get some people in the study who haven’t used marijuana before and they begin to use, because it’s now legal to prescribe it for people with HIV in Florida, so that will be interesting to see what happens to people when they haven’t used it before and now they start. We are also especially interested in inflammatory markers. HIV virus, if it’s unsuppressed, does cause chronic inflammation in the body and that is usually associated with more rapid aging, more rapid progression of heart disease, and probably feeling fatigued and tired. If marijuana could suppress some of that chronic inflammation or at least some parts of marijuana, it really could help people with a chronic virus feel better. We do suspect that many people truly do feel better with it and I suspect it’s because of its relationship to inflammation. But most of the data we have so far is short-term studies, which are helpful, but we will be looking at a longer view, over several years and that will be something different about our study over previous studies.

How many study participants do you need?

We want 400 participants who ultimately will use marijuana, we will have probably at least 100 who don’t use marijuana as a comparison group.

What do you see as your biggest challenge regarding this study?

Science is an animal project, you can control everything except for the marijuana and learn a lot. But in real life our participants, in addition to having different marijuana patterns, also do have different patterns of other substance use, different medical comorbidities, and different experiences of stress and abuses in their lives. It can be hard to tease out an effect with all this variation but at the same time that’s the real world. People living with HIV in Florida do have many medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, depression and so we want to know if it’s safe to use in these types of people with lots of health issues.

UF Health researchers applied for the NIDA grant twice before receiving it. How many years have you been trying to get this study in place?

At least two years. This is kind of a common story with National Institutes of Health-funded research. Usually you have to be in the top ten percent of grants to get it and those often take several tries where you get feedback from other scientists who make suggestions on how to improve the science and I tried to be responsive to their suggestions. For example, they did think we should focus a little bit more on pain and pain medication so we tried to adapt the study to that.

Do you think the reason you received the grant has to do with the nation’s opioid problem and cannabis’ potential to be an alternative?

You would have to ask NIH, but I do think our grant was funded in part because there are so few studies trying to gain scientific evidence on marijuana and any type of chronic health issue. HIV is one, but they might be interested in other types of conditions people might use it for. We have very little information and so there was a perception in the past that NIH was more interested in marijuana as a drug of abuse and not so much on its health effects. But I do think that attitude has shifted a lot in the last ten years where NIH is open to both and looking at it as a drug that could be beneficial while also it could still have harms associated with it.

With the $3.2 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, you are in a very elite group, researchers who have been given a federal grant to study cannabis, did you think you would get federal funding?

That’s what I have been trained to do for my academic career. They train us to write grants and as you gain more experience as a scientist you learn to write better grants and you get feedback that helps you to be a better scientist. I was optimistic that we had a good chance to get funded, otherwise, I don’t think we would try but it is a competitive process and certainly takes a team of scientists, and I have a great team with a lot of different areas of expertise and I think that helps. There is just a need for research.

I do hope over the next several years the information that we get will be helpful. It’s important to me that the data we collect ultimately will help to guide patients who might benefit, to guide people who might be vulnerable to harm, to guide providers, at least in Florida, who are specifically recommending doses and types and writing prescriptions which is different than what I think is happening in many other states in which people can get a license and the clinical recommendations are made by the people working at the dispensaries.

I should note that the people working at the dispensaries often seem to have an incredible abundance of knowledge about the medical effects. So how do we translate what they seem to know to data that’s more typically required in order to practice medicine in the U.S.? We don’t just want anecdotal reports or personal experience, we want harder data. It does seem like people know a lot of information out there and I want to try and translate some of what they know into more typical health data. Our research can influence practice guidelines and things as simple as do Sativa products truly cause people to feel more alert and creative? Do Indica products cause people to really be more laid back and sedate? And is that the same in people who are older than 50? Those are the type of things I would want, as a provider, to know and make suggestions as to which product a patient should try.

What are some potential negatives that could result from the study?

We have to be really careful about confidentially, when you do this type of research we have staff that we train, but staff can make mistakes. We have to do our best to ensure that people aren’t outed as being HIV positive or that people aren’t outed because they are marijuana users. There is a lot of need for researchers to make it safe for people to participate.

What about cannabis being federally illegal?

People are worried at the University that we could lose federal funding because it is involved in research that is federally illegal. When the political administration is stating pretty clearly they aren’t going to tolerate a lot of marijuana activity and that’s the public stance, we need to be cautious. As a researcher I am not applying to have marijuana onsite. We do have the potential to work with the dispensaries themselves and let them dispense the products which they can do legally and collaborate with them as scientists to try and do some clinical studies. That’s something I am interested in, in the next year or two, to really figure out a way where we can try to randomly assign people who are willing to participate in a different study with product A vs. product B, or product A that’s consumed orally vs. inhaled and see if we can get some clinical evidence both in terms of people’s perceived symptoms, which is important, but also any biological measures like inflammatory markers. Ultimately, I do hope we generate some data that can be helpful for consumers and providers.


Brilliant! Nigerian Hospital Records 1st Successful Kidney Transplant Surgery (Photos)

Federal Medical Centre Umuahia has recorded her first successful kidney transplant surgery.

A staff of the hospital named Chikaodili took to Facebook to share the good news and wrote :

‘What a joy-filled week as Federal Medical Centre Umuahia records her first KIDNEY TRANSPLANT surgery. It was a huge success. To God be all the glory’.

I guess no one needs to travel to India anymore!

More photos ;


Early Baldness Linked to Heart Diseases - study

Researchers at the UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India has found that early baldness and premature greying of hairs are associated with the trigger of cardiovascular events among men.

According to the study, men who go bald before 40 years are at five-fold higher risk of developing heart diseases in their lives.

The new study revealed that baldness is more dangerous and has risk factor than obesity in developing cardiovascular disorders, as the latter was associated with a four-fold risk of triggering an early cardiac event.

During the research, researchers studied 790 Indian men below the age of 40 who are suffering from cardiovascular disorders. 1270 age-matched healthy men were also a part of this study, and they acted as a control group.

The researchers found that young men with cardiovascular disorders had a higher prevalence of premature baldness which is 49 percent to 27 percent compared to healthy controls. The prevalence of heart diseases in people with pre-mature greying is an alarming 50 percent versus 30 percent.

"Premature greying and androgenic alopecia (male-pattern baldness) correlate well with vascular age irrespective of chronological age and are plausible risk factors for coronary artery disease," said Dr Sachin Patil, lead author of the study, reports Deccan Chronicle. 

Interestingly, the smoking habit is also a comparatively lesser risk factor when compared to premature baldness and greying.

How to combat heart diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases usually happen when plaque gets developed in walls of our arteries which finally results in atherosclerosis.

Following a healthy diet is one of the best ways by which you can prevent becoming a victim of a cardiovascular diet.

You should include more fibre rich food in your diet, and should always try to say a big NO to fatty foods.

Continuous weight checks followed by regular physical exercise will also help you to combat the onset of a cardiovascular disorder.

You should also stay away from life taking habits like smoking and drinking for a healthy heart.


Mermaid Baby-like Dies Few Minutes After Birth

Mermaid babyMermaid baby

A 23-year-old Muskura Bibi gave birth to a baby whose legs were fused together.

Doctors failed to detect the sex of the baby due to its fused legs and underdeveloped pelvis area.

The mermaid baby tragically died in four hours due to the rare condition Sirenomelia or mermaid syndrome.

Mermaid syndrome or Sirenomelia occurs in approximately one in every 60,000 to 100,000 births, reports National Organization for Rare Disorders.

On December 6, one such case grabbed the limelight in Kolkata situated in the eastern part of India.

This is not the first case of Sirenomelia rather it's the second such case in India after a woman from Uttar Pradesh gave birth to the country's first mermaid baby in 2016. Sadly, the baby was alive for only 10 minutes.

A baby's resemblance to mermaids might seem to be an anomaly but speaking of evolution, it might not be that unobvious.

The aquatic ape hypothesis or the aquatic ape theory suggests that modern humans are more similar to aquatic mammals in the past.

The theory states that a branch of apes had to opt out of life in the trees to hunt for food in the sea which can again be held responsible for the upright posture carried by humans.

The idea of the same was first proposed by marine biologist Alister Hardy in 1960.

Why are humans then so different from other land animals?

The aquatic ape theory suggests that early humans spent the majority of their time in the sea to hunt for food.

The traits that make humans different from other land animals are the legacy they carry from this very period.

Few qualities in humans make them distinctly similar to aquatic mammals such as dolphins or whales, particularly when it comes to holding breath underwater, body fat to keep the body warm when in water or less body hair to help humans swim swiftly through the waves.

Hardy's arguement on aquatic apes

Hardy argues that a number of modern human features are a result of aquatic adaptations.

Lack of body hair to subcutaneous fat in the body, location of the trachea in the throat rather than the nasal cavity, tears and sweat are all a result of aquatic adaptation.

Bipedalism replaced wading through the waves to help humans walk on land surface.

Irrespective of all these adaptations for life in the water yet humans lack adaptations when compared to other land animals such as shedding salted tears and sweat.

Salt and water are valuable resources. Other land animals are able to conserve them unlike humans primarily because a part of human evolution took place in the sea.

A group of brown bears after separation evolved into polar bears.

Polar bears can swim underwater as well as hold their breath underwater and are in process of evolving into another new species of aquatic mammals.

Group of apes to marine mammals

Food drove the detached group of apes to the shores of the sea. It is believed that the human ability to walk upright first evolved here by waiting in places where food was easily found.

Advanced intelligence was first formulated here itself as brain-building nutrients such as iodine and fatty acids were abundant in shellfish.

East African coast after being submerged under the rising sea, led some apes to move inland who still retained some of the features they had adapted while living on the coast.

Another group chose to dwell in the sea thus evolving into mermaids.

Keeping the hypothesis aside, speaking of the disorder in a more scientific manner, Sirenomelia is a complex developmental disorder where gastrointestinal abnormalities, anomalies of the lumbarsacral spine and pelvis and absence or underdevelopment (agenesis) of one or both kidneys leads to the victim's death.

The exact cause of the disease is unknown. Environmental genetic factors or some new mutation might be the cause behind it.

An anomaly in the blood circulating system within the embryo might also be a possible factor.

The condition occurs when the umbilical cord fails to create two arteries in infants.

The disease has never seen any survivors till date. Due to underdeveloped arteries, the blood supply to the foetus is insufficient.

Those suffering from this disorder die due to kidney and bladder failure.

The creatures from fantasy tales and folklores are appealing enough but are definitely fatal when it comes to real life incidents.


Sunday, December 10, 2017

Woman regrets getting plastic surgery 30 times to please her boyfriend

A 22-year-old woman regrets having gone under the knife so many times to please her boyfriend.  (Facebook)

Well, that’s a deal-breaker.

Berry Ng, a 22-year-old YouTube star from Hong Kong, has had more than 30 plastic surgery procedures in the past five years — all to impress her (now ex-) boyfriend.

She says she started going under the knife because her ex criticized her looks and kept comparing her to supermodels, reports Next Shark.

Ng has spent more than $3,000 augmenting her forehead, eyes, cheeks, nose, chin and breasts.

But that still wasn’t enough to impress her critical beau.

“At that moment, if he had stopped me and told me that I was beautiful enough, I would have stopped, but he didn’t,” she said.

Even after all of her operations, he still didn’t like her breasts. So she got them augmented last year.

When Ng’s mother saw her after that last operation, she started crying. In that moment, Ng realized her plastic surgery obsession had gotten out of control.

She’s since dumped the deadbeat and has told local media outlets she regrets her surgeries and wants to encourage body positivity going forward.


Not Brushing Regularly Linked to Throat Cancer - Research

It is advisable to brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning and at night after taking dinner.

A study published in the journal Cancer Research now links periodontal (a.k.a. gum) disease, which can be caused by not brushing your teeth regularly, with esophageal cancer, or cancer of that tube that runs from your throat to your stomach.

Well I just can't imagine that not brushing your teeth could cause cancer of the throat.

Researchers took mouth samples from 122,000 people and, after 10 years, 106 people had developed esophageal cancer.

The researchers discovered that people who developed esophageal cancer were more likely to have higher levels of certain types of bacteria in their mouths called Tannerella forsythia and Porphyromonas gingivalis, these two types of bacteria are also linked to gum disease.

(Tannerella forsythia in particular was linked to a 21 percent increased risk of developing esophageal cancer.)

These bacteria can take hold in your gums when you don't brush regularly, increasing your odds of developing periodontal disease.

However, it's worth pointing out a few major caveats: One, the researchers didn’t have complete information on the study participants’ oral health, so it was hard for them to say if the bacteria alone caused throat cancer or if the participants actually had to have periodontal disease to have an increased risk.

Also, it’s important to remember that this study looked at the types of bacteria linked to esophageal cancer, not teeth-brushing habits. So it's possible that the people who developed esophageal cancer also just happened to have crummy oral hygiene.

Still, the results are pretty disturbing. After all, periodontal disease has already been linked with some types of oral, head, and neck cancers, so clearly keeping your teeth clean is important for your overall health.

So therefore make it mandatory to brush your teeth twice daily. It could help more on your health.

Painkillers Drugs Linked to Obesity Risk, Insomnia - Study

Painkilling drugs may lead to obesity and sleeping disorder.

If you are used to taking painkiller drugs, beware, you may be at risk of becoming obese as well as having poor sleep, study revealed.

There have been large increase in the prescription of medications such as gabapentinoids, gabapentin, pregabilin and opiates, for chronic pain management including migraine, diabetic neuropathy and chronic lower back pain.

The findings showed that people on opiates and cardio-metabolic drugs reported 95 per cent rates of obesity, 82 per cent "very high" waist circumference and 63 per cent hypertension, as opposed to those on cardio-metabolic drugs only.

These chronic pain medications should be prescribed for shorter periods of time to limit serious health complications, the researchers suggested.

"We already know that opiates are dependency-forming but this study also found patients taking opiates have the worst health. Obesity rates are much higher and the patients reported sleeping poorly," said lead author Sophie Cassidy, research associate at the Newcastle University.

Opioids act as a sedative which makes patients less active and they have been shown to alter taste perception with a craving for sugar and sweet foods.

Opioids are also known to worsen snoring and untreated sleep apnea, as well as causing problems with nocturnal hypertension.

"These results add further weight to calls for these chronic pain medications to be prescribed for shorter periods," Cassidy added.

For the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the team assessed the inter-relationship between metabolic and cardiovascular disease in more than 133,000 participants from the UK.

Body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure were compared between those taking painkillers for chronic, non-cancer pain and cardio-metabolic drugs, compared to those prescribed cardio-metabolic treatment only.

Opioids are recognised as being among the most dangerous prescription painkillers because they are addictive which can lead to them being abused. Patients can require continuous use of the drugs to feel normal and avoid symptoms of withdrawal.


How To Relieve Menstrual Cramps

Majority of the women suffers from menstrual cramps in their puberty stage.

Probably 40% of women experience severe cramps enough to make day to day tasks more difficult to perform.

The menstrual cramps are usually caused by an increase in production of hormone called prostaglandins which creates intense uterine contractions responsible for the pain and discomfort.

If your menstrual cramps are causing problems, these ten tips might help to avert the pains.

Here are the tips:

1. Avoid caffeine

Too much caffeine will make menstrual cramps worse. So, the first tip on how to relieve menstrual cramps is to avoid coffee, tea and cola and even some fruit flavoured sodas that have caffeine added to them.

2. Eat more of fruits but mostly bananas

Any potassium rich foods are good, as it could be potassium deficiency that is causing the cramps or making them worse. Bananas are just one example of a potassium rich food, but there are also leafy green vegetables you could try such as spinach and white beans which includes lima beans or soy.

3. Eat more omega-3 fatty acids

Studies have shown that women who eat more omega-3 fatty acid rich foods experience less severe menstrual cramps. You can increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids by eating more fish and nuts or you can take a daily fish-oil supplement.

4. Put your feet up

Next tip on how to relieve menstrual cramps is to simply put your feet up. Lying down, with your feet elevated above the rest of your body can help to relax your uterine muscles. Try lying on your bed, with your feet propped up on a couple of pillows.

5. Put gentle pressure on your stomach

Some gentle pressure on your stomach can also ease the pain. Place your hand on your stomach and gently press down for ten seconds at a time and it will cause your muscles to relax as well as take your mind of the discomfort.

6. Eat dairy foods

High calcium foods can also reduce the cramps. Try eating more milk, yoghurt and cheese just before and during your cycle and it will help to relax your muscles and reduce the severity of the cramps.

7. Wear loose fitting clothes

Clothes that fit tightly around your waist will only aggravate the cramps, so give the skinny jeans and other tight fitting clothes a rest for a while.

8. Go for a walk

Another good suggestion on how to relieve menstrual cramps is to go for a walk. Go for a brisk walk, three times a day and this will release endorphins into your body that will make you feel better and reduce the pain. Walking is the easiest way to reduce the pain of menstrual cramps.

9. Do some sit ups

Any exercise will be beneficial, but sit ups can be particularly effective at reducing the pain of menstrual cramps. Sit ups will help release the pain, but also will stretch your abdominal muscles, which will take the focus of your attention away from the cramps.

10. Heating

Applying heat to your stomach and to your lower back will help to relax your muscles. You can use heat pads or a hot water bottle, or take a nice long hot bath, that will work wonders too!


Saturday, December 09, 2017

Insomnia May up Risk of Parkinson's Disease in Men

Do you lack a restful sleep and are in the habit of hitting or kicking in your sleep? Beware, according to a study, this could be a sign of a disorder associated with Parkinson's disease, especially in men.

The rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder or RBD, which most often affects persons aged 50-70, and more frequently in men than women, is characterized by disturbances in the part of sleep where dreams take place.

While healthy people are relaxed and lie still during dream sleep, people suffering from RBD live out their dreams and during sleep, they hit, kick and shout.

The study, published in the journal The Lancet Neurology, showed that men with RBD lack dopamine -- a chemical in the brain that affects emotions, movements and sensations of pleasure and pain -- and have a form of inflammation of the brain.

As a result, their risk of developing Parkinson's disease or dementia when they grow older increases. Parkinson's disease occurs precisely because the group of nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine stop working.

"These patients have an inflammation of the brain in the area where the dopamine-producing nerve cells are found," said Morten Gersel Stokholm from Aarhus University in Denmark.

Researchers were not previously aware that there is a form of inflammation of the brain in patients who are at risk of developing Parkinson's disease.

"The findings would be used to determine which patients with the sleep disorder will later develop Parkinson's disease. At the same time, this can also help to develop drugs which can stop or slow the development of the diseases," Stokholm explained.

In this study, patients with RBD and no clinical evidence of Parkinson's and cognitive impairment were recruited from tertiary sleep centres in Spain and Denmark and their brain changes were analysed using Positron emission tomography (PET).


The Dangers of Dehydration During Pregnancy

When I was pregnant with my daughter four years ago, even a seemingly harmless glass of water could leave me hanging over the toilet bowl.

Morning sickness hit me fast and hard. Desperately struggling to stay hydrated, I spent many a long afternoon hooked up to IV fluids in the emergency room.

It was annoying, uncomfortable, and generally an unpleasant way to spend a day. So, why not just suffer through thirsty and dry-lipped?

Because dehydration during pregnancy can do a world of harm to both you and your developing baby.

As a mom-to-be, you need more water than the average person to support all the incredible changes rapidly happening inside your body.

For example, water is an essential building block of the placenta, which delivers nutrients to baby throughout pregnancy.

It’s also critical to forming and maintaining a healthy amniotic sac not to mention that it keeps your body as comfortable as can be throughout hormonal changes.

Without adequate water intake (aim for 10 8-ounce cups each day), you may leave yourself open to a host of pregnancy complications, such as low amniotic fluid and preterm labor.

If you have trouble keeping liquids down, contact your healthcare provider right away. He or she may recommend immediate IV fluids to help keep you on track.

Signs of dehydration

The easiest way to determine if you’re adequately hydrated is to study your urine output.

If you’re having trouble urinating, have decreased urine output, or urine that has a strong odor and dark yellow or brown color, you likely need to increase your water intake.

If you experience lightheadedness or rapid heartbeat, call your health care provider immediately.

How to boost hydration

Step one, if you can’t drink liquids without vomiting, call your health care provider.

You may have hypermesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness that requires medical attention.

Next, create a regimen. Aim to drink 10 cups of water each day but don’t feel as though you need to do any chugging.

Start slowly with a few sips here and there, and if you need to, look to popsicles and ice chips for extra fluid intake.

Avoid caffeine and experiment with flavoring your water with fresh lemon or strawberry, or even diluted juices.


Premature Ovarian Failure Can Cause Infertility

The human ovary functions as a reproductive organ and an endocrine organ. These functions are tightly coupled.

Premature ovarian failure also known as primary ovarian insufficiency is a loss of normal function of the ovaries in its role, either as an endocrine organ or as a reproductive organ, before age 40.

If the ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or release eggs regularly. Infertility is a common result.

A woman who has primary ovarian insufficiency is very likely to have irregular or no periods, infertility problems, and menopause-like symptoms.

It is difficult, though not impossible, for women who have primary ovarian insufficiency to become pregnant.

Primary ovarian insufficiency is sometimes referred to as premature menopause, but the two conditions aren’t the same.

Women with POI can have irregular or occasional periods for years and might even become pregnant.

Women with premature menopause stop having periods and can’t become pregnant, but about five to 10 per cent of women with primary ovarian insufficiency conceive subsequent to the diagnosis without medical intervention.

According to a study published in PubMedby Okeke et al, premature menopause affects one per cent of women under the age of 40 years in Nigeria.

It is seen in 10 to 28 per cent of primary amenorrhea and four to 18 per cent of secondary amenorrhea therefore, it is not as rare as deemed.


As defined by the World Health Organisation, ovarian insufficiency can be caused by a primary disorder in the ovary or it can occur as a result of secondary causes.

Ovarian insufficiency is considered primary if the ovary fails to function normally in response to appropriate gonadotropin stimulation provided by the hypothalamus and pituitary.

Ovarian insufficiency is considered secondary if the hypothalamus and pituitary fail to provide appropriate gonadotropin stimulation.

Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI / premature ovarian failure) is a condition characterised by absent or reduced frequency of menstruation, reduced oestrogen levels and its related symptoms (hypoestrogenism) and elevated serum gonadotropin levels in women younger than 40 years.

The women are at risk of premature death, neurological diseases, psychosexual dysfunction, mood disorders, osteoporosis, ischemic heart disease and infertility.

The signs and symptoms of premature ovarian failure are similar to those of women going through menopause and are typical of estrogen deficiency. They include:

Irregular or skipped periods (amenorrhoea), which might be present for years or develop after a pregnancy or after stopping birth control pills

Difficulty conceiving (infertility),hot flushes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, irritability or difficulty concentrating, decreased sexual desire.

POI is, in reality, a continuum of disorders divided into four clinical states. These states are not permanent.

Patients may move from one state to another in an unpredictable manner.

In some cases, normal ovarian function may even return for a period of time.

 These states range from occult primary ovarian insufficiency to the biochemical then, the overt, and lastly, premature ovarian failure, which is the irreversible extreme state of complete primordial follicle (egg) depletion.

The different states are characterised by either normal or elevated levels of Follicle Stimulating Hormone.


Chromosomal defects: Certain genetic disorders are associated with premature ovarian failure.

These include Mosaic Turner’s Syndrome in which a woman has only one normal X chromosome and an altered second X chromosome and fragile X syndrome in which the X chromosomes are fragile and break.

Toxins: Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most common causes of toxin-induced ovarian failure.  Environmental, chemical and biological toxins, such as cigarette smoke, chemicals, pesticides and viruses, might hasten ovarian failure.

Autoimmune disorders: An abnormal immune system response to ovarian tissue (autoimmune disease) where antibodies are produced against ovarian tissue, harming the egg-containing follicles and damaging the egg.

What triggers the immune response is unclear, but exposure to a virus is one possibility.

Unknown factors: It’s possible to develop premature ovarian failure which, is not related to any of the aforementioned. Your doctor might recommend further testing, such as a bioenergetic body scan, to try to explain the cause, detect microorganisms like bacteria and viruses, as well as other possible toxins.

Management of primary ovarian insufficiency

This is a difficult diagnosis for any woman and traumatic for young women, hence, counselling and support is essential in the overall management and decision making, especially in the matter of family planning.

It is important to remember that the ovary is not only a reproductive organ, but it is also a source of important hormones that help maintain strong bones.

Adequate replacement of these missing hormones, a healthy lifestyle, and a diet rich in calcium are essential.

A thorough way of achieving this to improve ovarian function and yield is to rid the body of all toxins through Mayr therapy.

This involves total body cleansing and decongestion of toxic load, resting and supporting all related organ systems to ensure balance of normal physiologic functions and improve underlying causative conditions.

This process is especially important in POI of unknown cause as it ensure to remove any hindrances to normal hormonal functions in the body.

Hormone balancing wraps and hydrotherapy treatments, as well as individualised nutrition among other interventions all go a long way in improving outcome.


Women with ovarian failure have lower levels of free testosterone compared with normally ovulating age-matched women, but only 13 per cent have levels below the lower limit of normal.

Androgen replacement could be carefully considered for women who have persistent fatigue, low libido, and poor wellbeing despite adequate estrogen replacement and when depression has been ruled out or adequately treated.

Unproven treatments to restore fertility should be avoided because they have the potential of interfering with the development of a spontaneous pregnancy.

One must be wary of herbs and concoctions which may have potent drug effects that eventually disrupt or interfere with hormonal mechanisms.

Patients with the condition  can have a successful pregnancy with the help of fertility experts, who will thoroughly evaluate and lay out best options for the individual.

Options include the use of donor eggs. A decision to proceed with such a procedure should be made after a fair discussion of different options. The age of the patient is of less importance than the age of the egg donor.

Other possibilities include embryo adoption,  adoption or change of life plans.

Premature ovarian failure is indeed a saddening condition, but there is hope through proper supervised detoxification and lifestyle modification to improve hormonal balance and restore ovarian function.

This should ideally precede expert medical treatment in order to improve chances of success.

If you’ve missed your period for three months or more, see your doctor to help determine the cause.

You can miss your period for a number of reasons including pregnancy, stress, or a change in diet or exercise habits but it’s best to get evaluated whenever your menstrual cycle changes.

Even if you don’t mind not having periods, it’s advisable to see your doctor to find out what’s causing the change.


Sugary Drinks During Pregnancy Can Lead to Mid-childhood Asthma - Study

A pregnant woman, in the last trimester of her pregnancy, poses in this illustration photo

A new study, published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, has revealed that children between the ages of 7 and 9 may be at greater risk of developing asthma if their mothers drank a lot of sugar-sweetened beverages while pregnancy.

"Avoiding high intake of sugary beverages during pregnancy and in early childhood could be one of several ways to reduce the risk of childhood asthma," study lead author Sheryl Rifas-Shiman of Harvard Medical School said.

The researchers conducted the study with over 1,000 mother-child pairs in the US. After their first and second trimesters, mothers who participated in the study completed questionnaires about their food and beverage consumption, including regular soda and fruit drinks.

This process of completing questionnaire was again repeated by the mothers when their children reached early childhood (3.3 years). They reported their children's consumption of a variety of foods and beverages, including regular sodas and fruit drinks. Reports suggest that in mid-childhood, 19 percent of the children had asthma.

The mothers in the  highest quartile of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption during pregnancy were 63 per cent more likely than those in the lowest quartile to have mid-childhood-age kids with asthma, the findings showed.

According to the researchers, other studies have also found links between obesity and asthma and between sugar-sweetened beverage and high fructose intake and increased asthma risk. In addition to increasing asthma risk through obesity, recent studies also suggest that fructose itself may cause inflammation in the lungs.


Stroke in Children With Sickle Cell Disorder is Preventable —Expert

Professor Ikeoluwa Lagunju is a Professor of Paediatrics at the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and Consultant Paediatric Neurologist at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. She is an astute clinician and an accomplished researcher who pioneered the work on Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography for primary stroke prevention in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Nigeria. She sheds light on the condition, how it affects children with SCD and how these children can be helped.

STROKE is a condition resulting from sudden loss of blood supply to a part of the brain, either as a result of an obstruction or sudden rupture of the blood vessel supplying that part of the brain.

According to medical experts, it is a severe disease because it has the potential to cause death and major disabilities in affected individuals.

There are two main types of stroke; the one that occurs as a result of blockage of the blood vessels is called ischemic stroke, while the other that results from rupture of the blood vessels is called hemorrhagic stroke.

Do Children have strokes?
Yes, children do have strokes. Many people are of the impression that stroke occurs only in adults but this is not true!

There are some conditions that occur in children and make them vulnerable to developing a stroke.

The most common of these predisposing conditions is Sickle Cell Disorder (SCD). Others include congenital heart disease and brain infections.

Why Do Children with SCD develop a stroke and how common is it?
Stroke occurs in about 10 per cent of children with SCD.

It is currently estimated that 10 out of every 100 child with SCD would have suffered a stroke by their 20th birthday.

Children with hemoglobin SS are more likely to have a stroke while those with other forms of SCD like hemoglobin SC and S Sickle Cell Disorder would have suffered a stroke by their 20th birthday.

Children with hemoglobin SS are more likely to have a stroke while those with other forms of SCD like hemoglobin SC and S thalassaemia suffer stroke less frequently.

Ischemic stroke is more commonly seen than hemorrhagic stroke in children with SCD.

The repeated sickling of the red blood cells results in damage of the linings of the blood vessels of the brain, particularly, the larger arteries that carry blood to the brain.

After several years of repeated sickling, the vessel lumen gradually gets severely narrowed and with the formation of a blood clot, the blood vessel suddenly gets occluded.

The occlusion of the blood vessel then results in failure of blood supply to the brain and death (also called infarction) of that part of the brain.

The risk of developing ischemic stroke in children with SCD is highest between the ages of three and nine years and once a child suffers a first stroke, he/she is likely to suffer recurrent episodes of this severe complication.

Occurrence of stroke in children with SCD below the age of two years is extremely rare and hemorrhagic stroke is usually seen between the ages of 20 and 29 years.

What are the symptoms of stroke?
The symptoms of stroke in children could include the following:
•Sudden weakness (paralysis) of one arm and one leg on the same side of the body
•Associated weakness of one side of the face, which may make the mouth to appear twisted and fluids may drop out of the mouth while drinking
•Speech problems which can vary from a slurred to total speech loss
•Loss of consciousness

What is the treatment for stroke in SCD?
The treatment of stroke in children with SCD is quite expensive and complex. It requires regular blood transfusion every month till the child is at least 18 years old.

Another treatment option is the daily administration of a drug called hydroxyurea.

The best treatment for stroke in children with SCD however, is prevention.

Is stroke in children with SCD preventable?
Stroke in SCD is preventable. It is now known that children with SCD who have an increased risk of developing a stroke can be identified by a test called Transcranial Doppler (TCD) Ultrasonography.

TCD is a simple test, cheap, easy to perform and painless. The test helps to identify those children who are likely to develop a stroke so that appropriate measure can be taken to prevent this severe complication.

The children so identified, are placed on monthly transfusions or daily oral hydroxyurea especially in situations where safe blood is not readily available as a means of stroke prevention.
Facilities for TCD are available at the Sickle Cell Foundation Nigeria.

Why should we prevent stroke in SCD?
Stroke is a devastating and potentially fetal complication of SCD. It causes severe disability which may render the child immobile after repeated attacks. Other complications of stroke in SCD include learning disabilities, epilepsy and speech problems.

Let us make primary stroke prevention in SCD our goal. We can, we should and we are doing it at the Sickle Cell Foundation, Nigeria.


270,000 Nigerian Children Living With HIV – UNICEF

The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has said that no fewer than 270,000 estimated children aged 0 to 14 years were living with HIV in Nigeria in 2016.

The figure represented the lion share of half of the 540,000 total infected children in West and Central Africa over the same year.

Nigeria also recorded 37,000 new HIV infections among children out of the total of 60,000 new infections in West and Central Africa over the same period, representing 62 per cent of the new infections.

The UN children’s agency warned that the West and Central Africa were lagging too far behind the rest of the world in access to HIV treatment and care.

UNICEF Director, West and Central Africa, Ms Marie-Pierre Poirier, in a report released, on Tuesday, called for improvement of early diagnosis and access to HIV treatment and care for children.

The report said four in five children living with HIV in West and Central Africa were still not receiving life-saving antiretroviral therapy. Worrisome!

Extreme Diet Could Cure Type 2 Diabetes, Researchers Reports

Weight loss could help reverse the effects of Type 2 diabetes in the course of a year

New UK study claims that a severe diet plan can permanently cure type 2 diabetes, even in patients who have had it for years.

A clinical trial of nearly 300 people aged between 20 and 65 showed that type 2 diabetes could be reversed after an extreme weight management plan. Eighty-six per cent of patients who lost 15kg (33lbs) or more went into remission.

The trial was supervised by professors Mike Lean and Roy Taylor of the University of Glasgow and the University of Newcastle respectively.

"These findings are very exciting," Taylor told Science Alert. "They could revolutionise the way type 2 diabetes is treated."

The Diabetes Remission Clinical Trial (DiRECT) randomly assigned patients to either an intensive weight management programme or regular care. The 149 participants in the weight programme would eat soups or health shakes to limit their calorie intake to 825-853 per day for three to five months.

After this first intense stage, other food was reintroduced into their daily diets and they were supported in their weight loss efforts by health professionals, including cognitive behavioural therapists. They also exercised more.

"We've found that people were really interested in this approach – almost a third of those who were asked to take part in the study agreed," explained Lean, a nutritionist.

"This is much higher than the usual acceptance rates for diabetes clinical trials."

Forty-six per cent of those in the weight programme went into remission. The level of remission depended on the level of weight loss, said the researchers.

Of the 36 people who lost at least 15kg 86% reversed their diabetes. More than half - 57% - of those who lost between 10 and 15kg - 28 - also went into remission. Among people who lost between 5 amd 10kg or less, 34% achieved some signs of remission.

In comparison, only 4% of the group treated with regular diabetes care showed signs of remission.

The researchers highlighted how nutrition alone could revolutionise the way we see diabetes treatments.


Unwanted Pregnancies, Abortions Among Youths, Pupils and Students Raises Concern

Zoe Choosers Foundation founder has observed that the trending of unwanted pregnancies among youths, students in Kwara State is impacting negatively on educational development in the state. 

File photo

Some experts in healthcare delivery units in Kwara State have expressed concern over the increasing rate of unwanted pregnancies and abortions among primary and secondary school pupils in Kwara State, PUNCH reports.

Speaking during an event held at the Government Girls’ Day Secondary School in Ilorin, the state capital, on Wednesday, the Founder, Zoe Choosers Foundation, Abimbola Obaje, observed that the development is impacting negatively on educational development in the state.

Obaje noted that despite advocacy programmes and health campaigns organised by non-governmental organisations in the state to raise awareness for the dangers of early pregnancies and abortions among teenagers, some pupils had either lost their lives or damaged their organs in the process of abortions.

She said, “There are many non-governmental organisations that give out contraceptives to pupils.

Although some of them preach abstinence, abortion is still very rampant even among teenagers in primary and secondary schools.

“In some of the schools I have visited, I found some pregnant female pupils. This bothers me a lot.

I believe that the most common reason why pupils indulge in abortion is the social stigma attached to unplanned or early pregnancy.

Many of them are afraid that their parents will disown and send them packing if their pregnancies are discovered. That is what leads them to attempt an abortion.

“Some of these girls go to quacks to abort their babies. Some of the girls die in the process or get their uterus ruptured.

Also, there are many post abortion diseases that these girls get infected with. We need to show them love.”

Obaje urged parents and guardians to ensure that they expose their children and wards to sex education so as to prevent early pregnancy and abortion.

“Nowadays, children are exposed to a lot of things, including the social media and television.

I know some parents are saying that they cannot talk to their children about sex, but I believe that if these kids are educated about such things when they are still very young, they learn how to handle some situations in the future.”

She also called on the Federal Government and religious organisations to engage in more enlightement campaigns on the dangers abortion.

Also, the co-Founder, Abi-Clinics, Mrs. Taiwo Oshodi-Abikan, said it was imperative to expose pupils to sex education and the dangers of early pregnancy and abortion.

She said, “We have heard of cases of severe bleeding among school girls due to poorly handled abortions.

This is unhealthy for the development of the girls and the general society. We need to have proper sex education, especially in our homes.

"Parents and their children need to communicate with one another, so they will know how to prevent unwanted pregnancy in the future.

On the other hand, government should provide more facilities that are open to planned parenthood.”


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