Wednesday, July 04, 2018

Surgery Successful After Attack From Cultist

The 16-year-old girl, Lilian Friday who was attacked by suspected female cultists believed to be between the ages of 14 to 16 years for refusing to identify and join their cult group in Otuoke community, Ogbia, Bayelsa state – has undergone a successful plastic surgery to her right eyelids that was damaged..

Lilian, a native of Otuoke and Emeyal community in Ogbia local government area of the state, an ss1 student of community secondary school, Otuoke was said to have been attacked by a group of suspected female cultists led by one Josephine on the 26th of April, 2018 for refusing to be one of them.

When members of Patriotism Advancement and Community Orientation Network (PACON) got wind of the incident, they visited the victim and her family on April 26th in the hospital where she was taken to unconscious after the gang left her in a pool of her own blood and with a damaged eye. PACON had promised to assist the family of Lilian with the medical bills and to initiate a public campaign for financial support for Lilian should there be need for plastic surgery.

On the 24th of June, 2018, PACON was informed through a phone call from Mrs. Igbogi Progress (Lilian’s mother) that Lilian had been penciled for a surgical operation on 26th of June, 2018. The amount needed for the operation was Three hundred thousand naira (300,000.00) only at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH).

The organization with the informed consent and approval of the parents through its social media handles appealed for financial assistance which the public responded to and on 27th of June, same year, the sum of ₦265,000.00 was donated into Mrs. Igbogi Progress, Guarantee Trust Bank account which was made public by the organization.

On the 28th of June, the parents withdrew Lilian from NDUTH due to want of medical equipment to carry out the said surgery to Ark Hospital in Yenagoa were the operation was successfully carried out for a fee of One hundred thousand naira (₦100,000.00) only.

PACON paid Lilian a visit once again in her hometown today, 1st July, 2018. Attached herewith are pictures from the visit with the second photo showing Lilian Friday after the successful surgical operation.

Becareful When You Come Across This

We all use public bathrooms or stay in hotel rooms, and not to scare you, but do you really know who is watching you while you're going about your business?

Technology moves at the speed of light with new products and gadgets meant to make our lives easier, but there is also a dark side — one you might not even realize you're seeing until it's too late. There are people looking to prey on others by engaging in criminal activity, and it can be as easy as installing a hook.

While these may look like ordinary hooks, they're actually meant for a far darker purpose.

Notice the double hooks, which are not usually the standard in coat hooks.

Anything look a little off to you?

They can be easily attached to any wall in the home or places like a public bathroom, and you probably wouldn't even give them a second thought.

But be warned — if you see this in a public bathroom or a hotel room, please leave immediately and call the authorities.

So what’s the big deal about an innocent-looking hook?

Because hidden inside this wall hook is a tiny camera that records people in the bathroom, hotel rooms, and change rooms.

Women in particular have been recorded while in the shower or changing without their knowing.

They’re privacy is completely violated, and they aren’t even aware of it.

Pretty horrifying, right?

Doesn’t it make you think back to every hotel room you’ve ever stayed in and wonder if you were secretly being watched?

Shockingly, these sneaky little cameras are easy to find and even easier to install.

The camera comes with a charger and transfer cable, and the hook is like any other found at a hardware store.

The camera records video and audio through the small hole at the top.

Often times, the footage from the camera end up on the Internet for the world to see without the knowledge of the person featured in it.

That hole is a giveaway that something is NOT right with the hook and that criminal activity could be going on.

But it gets worse.

Want to know what makes it even creepier?

These wireless cameras can be recorded remotely, and the wireless remote control works through walls. 

So someone could be watching the footage as close as the next room.

That’s enough to make you never want to check into a hotel again.

One thing you might notice is that it's set somewhere in a room that is out of place.

For example, if you see a hook in a place that doesn’t make sense for a hook to be, trust your instincts.

Sometimes you can see the light when the camera is recording.

That’s your sign to get out of dodge and call the police immediately.

What makes this so scary is that these spy camera hooks are accessible, inexpensive, and easy to purchase by criminals.

While they were originally created to increase security around your home, in the hands of the wrong people, they can make it easy to prey on unsuspecting victims.

Thankfully, knowledge is power.

If you know that coat hangers can contain cameras and are extra vigilant when traveling or using a public facility to undress, you’ll be able to protect yourself from unwanted snooping.

Sadly, it seems to be getting more and more common by the day, but if we spread awareness that this is going on, we can help to shut it down.

Because no one should be able to take your privacy away from you.

50 Pounds Ovarian Cyst Removed In A Woman's Stomach

Kayla Rahn, 30, had unexplained stomach issues, pain, and weight gain for months-it wasn’t until she went to the ER at Jackson Hospital in Montgomery, Alabama, that doctors found her ovarian cyst, the hospital sa

An Alabama woman thought she was simply gaining weight-until she discovered that a massive 50-pound ovarian cyst was actually growing inside of her.

Kayla Rahn, 30, had unexplained stomach issues, pain, and weight gain for months-it wasn’t until she went to the ER at Jackson Hospital in Montgomery, Alabama, that doctors found her ovarian cyst, the hospital says in a press release.

Kayla was diagnosed with a benign (i.e., not cancerous) mucinous cystadenoma, a type of epithelial tumor that can get pretty big. Most epithelial tumors, which develop from the cells that cover the outer surface of the ovary, are benign, according to the National Ovarian Cancer Coalition.

The ones that are cancerous, however, are the most common and most dangerous of all types, accounting for 85 to 90 percent of all ovarian cancers, per the NOCC.

Before she sought help, Kayla had been trying to lose weight for a year-but ended up gaining it. She was even asked at one point if she was pregnant with twins. (Wow-clueless, much?)

After her cyst was found, Kayla says she was relieved. “I do remember telling my mom and busting out crying they were going to fix it. I knew something was wrong,” Kayla told NBC12.

Kayla's medical team performed surgery to remove the cyst on May 26, the day after it was found. Gregory Jones, M.D., an ob-gyn at Jackson Hospital and one of Kayla's doctors, says he’s seen these types of tumors before but he was surprised by how big Kayla’s had gotten.

“This is one of the largest I have ever seen or certainly removed,” he told NBC12. “We are very excited things went well for her.”

Now, Kayla says she’s excited to get back to work and life sans 50-pound tumor. “As soon as I got home and was able to move a little, I tried on every shirt I had on and it was awesome,” she said. “This dress I have on, I actually have not been able to wear in a year.”

Kayla hopes that her story will encourage other women to seek help when something in their bodies just doesn't seem right.

Ejaculate More Often To Keep Cancer At Bay

Zimbabwean men are being encouraged to have sex more often to beat killer disease cancer. The Cancer Association of Zimbabwe (CAZ) claims frequent ejaculation lowers prostate cancer risks that often attacks men, reports Daily Nation.

Hence CAZ is encouraging men in Zimbabwe to be sexually active and ensure they at least have 21 ejaculation in a month that will go a long way to help reduce the risk of one them contracting prostate cancer.

According to the body, its research showed that men who ejaculated 21 times a month had a 33% lower risk of contracting prostate cancer.

“Prostate cancers is one the rise and besides encouraging men to eat healthy, we now encourage them to be sexually active and at least have 21 ejaculation in a month as discovered by researchers. Twenty one ejaculation in a month can reduce the risk of prostate cancer by 33 percent as it may flush toxins out of the system,” read part of a statement from CAZ published by B-Metro.


The statement from CAZ also encouraged men who take alcohol to ensure they only drink three pints of beer (averagely three bottle of beers) in a week and those who smoke to stop the habit immediately to fight cancer.

“Research has also made it clear that mean should only drink three pints of beer in a week and women a glass of wine to reduce the risk of cancer,” it continued in part.

The body also cautioned on daily consumption of meat terming it as one of the major cause of cancer and urged its citizens to just eat meat that fills their hand palm in a week.

CAZ a however advised that the most effective way to curb cancer is by having diet programs, exercises and regular checkups.

According to the body, more people in Zimbabwe are now dying of cancer as compared to other diseases and infections namely tuberculosis and HIV.

Tuesday, July 03, 2018

Amazing Health Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water With Honey

Mixture of Lemon Water and Honey Can Give You the Following Benefits

Lemon water with honey inclusive is considered a favorite beverage for weightloss as it burns calories faster, but apart from aiding in weight loss, this wonderful preparation made of honey, lemon juice and water can be more beneficial to the health.

Here are the following steps to follow

It's no new thing that drinking lemon water is beneficial to our health as it hydrates the body, boosts the metabolic rate and keeps the digestive system healthy apart from providing the much needed vitamin C for improving our immune system.

Due to anti-oxidants present in lemon, it can neutralize oxidative stress.

Lemon water is rich source of dietary fiber, calcium, potassium, ion. But adding equal amount of honey as lemon juice to water can add a tasty twist to plain lemon water and make it more nutritious.

1. It helps in weight loss

The major benefit of taking lemon water with honey is that it aids in weight loss by boosting your metabolic rate and keeping you satiated for long.

This prevents you from binging too often. It has detoxifying reactions which flush out toxins from the body which results in reduction of fat.

Honey is natural laxative that removes waste from your bowel getting you rid of constipation and vitamin C rich lemon juice further aids in cutting down calories.

2. It Gives energy in the morning to stay active throughout the day.

This miracle potion gives you instant energy as honey is a energy giving food which is comprised of sugar mainly glucose and fructose which give your energy.

During this process of digestion, fructose and glucose are transmitted into blood for energy requirement of your body for the whole day. Whereas lemon juice has citric acid which is good for energy metabolisms.

3. Lemon water and honey blend can cure acne

Lemon water with honey is a miracle drink which gets your rid of acne-causing bacteria leading to removal of acne and acne scars.

This miracle potion can strengthen your gut by flushing out harmful toxins from your body. As honey is anti-microbial agent which heals wound when taken orally and used topically.

Lemon also has anti-bacterial properties that fight acne very powerfully. Vitamin C in lemon helps in production of collagen in skin and makes your skin tight and scar- free.

You can even use lemon and honey facial masks to remove acne scars to even out your skin.

4. It is natural diuretic

Honey and lemon water drink stimulates urination Diuretic which is recommended for the patents of hypertension.

Extra water in body leads to swelling of feet and exerts a pressure on your body leading to increase in blood pressure.

Inflammatory responses of your body are responsible for water retention in body which gives birth to many ailments.

5. Honey and Lemon juice in warm water can cure infections and sore throat

Piping hot cup of lemon water with honey is a miracle drink for those down with cold and flu and this recipe has been used since centuries.

Lemon juice will block congestion while providing your body 133 percent of vitamin C requirement in body.

Honey is used in ayurvedic treatment to cure sore throat and cure recurring cough.

6. It boosts immune system

Weak immune system is the main reason your your falling ill too often.

Lemon juice contains vitamin C and photo nutrients like saponins, alkaloids and flavonoids that can boost your immune system.

Drinking lemon water added with honey can prevent many diseases.

It can prevent the life-threatening diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases as well as cataract and hypertension.

7. It is a detox drink which purifies the body

Harmful toxins invade our body when we take food contaminated with pesticide and environment pollutants enters our body through respiratory tract.

They reside in your liver, kidney and disrupt their normal function.

Lemon water with honey is detoxifying agent that neutralizes the toxins and keeps your liver and kidney healthy.

8. It treats constipation

Honey and lemon juice added to warm water is a good use to those who are suffering from constipation and hard stool.
This blend enables smooth excretion and laxative effects of this drink can also lead to mucus secretion from the intestinal walls.

When your stomach is void of waste then your body is not prone to get affected by acidity and bloating.

Take a glass of warm water with one spoon of lemon juice and one spoon of honey added to it on regular basis to keep your bowel clean.

9. It aids the function of digestive system

It is one of major benefits of taking lemon water with honey that it stimulates digestive system and it speeds up the absorption of nutrients from food you consume.

It also increases the acid production and bile secretion in stomach.

It enables faster of breaking down of food material to keep your digestive system in good system because undigested food material in stomach can lead to bloating as gut bacteria try to digest them.

10. Drinking lemon water with honey can prevent the growth of cancer cells

Lemon is rich in cancer-fighting compounds like limonene which is found to prevent the growth of cancer tumour in animals.

Lemon is also rich in flavonol glycosides which also prevents the division of cancer cells.

Honey is also a immunity booster which can also curb the growth of cancer cells in the body.

Honey is anti-microbial agent which has many cancer-fighting compounds like lemon juice.

Do not heat the mixture as heating will make honey toxic.

You should drink honey and lemon juice mixture on empty stomach for deriving its maximum benefits.

How To Get Rid Of Hardcore Pimples With Toothpaste

Pimples brings inflammation, irritation and pains to the skin.

We are here to help you with the cure of the hardcore pimples attacking your skin.

If there are different methods you have tried to solve this and failed then it is time to apply something new that will actually work.

We are talking about a product that is available in every home and it is none other than your Toothpaste.

Application of toothpaste for the removal of pimples

A tiny little red pimple can steal all the beauty off your face.

Often the creams that you try to use to cure the pimples will cause further skin irritation and damage.

Here are the steps that you should follow regarding the use of the toothpaste.

The toothpaste should be white

It is important for you to pick a toothpaste that is white in colour.

You must not use one that is multi-coloured and has white stripes in it or a toothpaste that is of green, blue or reddish in colour.

Why do we ask you to choose a white toothpaste?

It is because only white toothpastes have the ingredients like hydrogen peroxide, triclosan and baking soda.

These are extremely important to take care of the pimples and reduce the redness on it. Other toothpastes have other chemicals which will cause further irritation to your skin.

Keep pimples away from the whitening properties of the toothpaste, often you see a toothpaste that promises to whiten and brighten your teeth.

These pastes have bleaching agents in them and you can’t apply that on your pimple. This results in the burning sensation of the skin and will also cause patchiness.

Gel toothpastes are an absolutely no go area
We want the toothpastes that are not gel in nature.

These gel-based toothpastes have ingredients that can cause severe damages to your pimples and even cause more redness, inflammation and irritation.

No fluorides

More than often we see that people are allergic to fluorides present in toothpaste to take care of oral health.

This fluoride can be the cause of skin allergies and irritation. So, make sure you check out the content of the toothpaste before you apply it.

Choose herbal

The best option in toothpastes is herbal or organic. They are free from chemicals, fluorides, pesticides and other harmful ingredients. But, they have tea tree oil and baking soda which will help to reduce the redness as well as the size of the pimple.

Reduce the redness of pimples with toothpaste

The complete guide

Steps to follow as you apply the toothpaste
To get the best results it is essential for you to follow the right steps and procedures.

For any skin related treatment, it is very important for you to wash the face first with lukewarm water and a herbal cleanser.

This will remove the layer of dirt and impurities from your face. Dry your face with a clean washcloth.

Time to use the toothpaste

Make sure you squeeze out only a small amount of toothpaste on your palm. Now, apply this to the pimples that are causing you troubles.

Don’t apply the toothpaste around the pimple, make sure it is on the pimple.

Never make the mistake of applying toothpaste as a face mask. This will have serious damages to your skin.

Toothpaste will dry out your skin and cause a plethora of skin problems.

Different skin types have different needs
If you have sensitive skin then it is better to keep the toothpaste on for only fifteen minutes.

Other skin types can keep the toothpaste on for a minimum of two hours. You can even try out this remedy before you go to sleep.

Time to wash it off

After fifteen minutes, two hours or an entire night it is time to wash off the toothpaste from the pimple.

Soak a cotton in water and remove the applied toothpaste in circular motion.

Once you have washed off the toothpaste, wash your whole face with lukewarm water and pat it dry. Don’t forget to moisturize.

By following these steps thrice a week, you can remove the pimples and the redness that comes with it.

Sunday, July 01, 2018

Banana And Walnut Brownies

Walnuts and bananas are two beautiful and good foods packed with nutrients. They can be used to up your traditional brownie recipe. The banana moistens the brownie bars, and the walnut adds a rich nourishment, nutty taste.


 1 package (2½ cups) brownie mix

 2 large eggs

1⁄3 cup water

1⁄3 cup vegetable oil

½ cup chopped walnuts

 ¼ cup confectioners' sugar (optional)

 1 large ripe banana, mashed

No-stick cooking spray


1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F or 175 degrees C.
2. Coat a 13x9-inch square baking pan with no-stick cooking spray.
3. In a large bowl, beat eggs, water and vegetable oil together until smooth.
4. Add brownie mix and stir until the mixture is a smooth batter.
5. Beat the mashed banana into the batter and then fold in the walnuts.
6. Pour batter into the prepared baking dish.
7. Bake for about 28-30 minutes in preheated oven until set in the middle.
8. Cool brownies at room temperature for 10 to 15 minutes before cutting into bars.
9. Sprinkle confectioners' sugar over the brownies.

Saturday, June 30, 2018

NDLEA Worried Over Mixture of Cannabis With Tramadol And Others

The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, Bayelsa State Command, has raised the alarm over increase in the abuse of a combination of different illicit substances in the state.

The State Commander, NDLEA, Abdullahi Abdul, who expressed the agency’s concern at a news conference, said the combinations were usually in the mixture of cannabis, tramadol and diazepam with innocuous soft drinks.

He said the mixtures had been given various street names such as ‘Kpoka’, ‘skwooahies’, ‘nwanokike’, ‘red wine’, among others.

“The command wishes to encourage members of the public to be alert and vigilant of all such beverages as they are very dangerous and have been known to cause psychosis or instant death.

“In view of the prevailing situation of drug abuse and trafficking in the state, the command has adopted preventive measures as an anchor to drug control prevention. In the execution of this, the Drug Demand Reduction Unit of the command carried out several drug enlightenment campaigns to primary, secondary and tertiary education institutions, sister security agencies and services.

“The command has also partnered the Director-General of the Department of Girl-Child Education, Government House, in carrying out sensitisation campaigns and lectures in the different local government areas of the state on the issue of cultism, teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. The unit has also successfully counselled 66 arrested persons between January to date.”

The commander also said that the agency arrested 173 suspected drug traffickers and confiscated 189.877 kilogrammes of various types of illicit substances in the state in the last six months.

Abdul said the arrests and seizures were made between January and June, noting that of the apprehended suspects, 127 were males while 46 were females.

He said the breakdown of confiscated illicit drugs showed that cannabis weighed 172.418 kg; cocaine 0.018kg; heroin, 0.152 kg; psychotropic substances, 17.289 and mixture of cannabis, 112 litres.

Abdul made these known at a news conference on Tuesday at the command’s headquarters in Yenagoa, the state capital, as part of the activities to commemorate the United Nations Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

He said, “Between January to date, this command has put in place strategies and resources to check the illegal sale, abuse and trafficking of illicit drugs an substances across the state. Among the strategies put in place are the motorised patrol teams along the East-West road axis to prevent the influx of illicit drugs in the state from neighbouring states.

“The command has also executed a series of raids (operations) in Yenagoa and other local government areas of the state which have led to the arrest of illicit drugs and susbtances and abuse between January to date.

“A total of 189.877 kgs of various types of illicit substances have been confiscated. It is worthy to mention that in the same period, operatives of the command, in the process of execution of raid operations on black spots within the state capital and through motorised patrol successfully recovered two pistols and one live cartridge. The suspects have been transferred to the police.”


British Based Nigerian Nurse Jailed in Britain Over Human Trafficking

The National Agency has supported the Prohibition of Trafficking in the name of Ms Julie Okah-Donli. The Director General has described the conviction of the British-based Nigerian nurse, Ms Josephine Iyamu, as good omen to the fight against human trafficking.

The Head of Press and Public Relations of NAPTIP, Mrs Stella Nezan, quoted Okah-Donli’s reacting in a statement in Abuja.

The statement noted that Iyamu was convicted by the Birmingham Crown Court for human trafficking.

She quoted the NAPTIP boss saying that conviction is the beginning of the renewed determination by the agency to bring all foreign-based human traffickers to justice irrespective of their location around the world.

According to her, Okah–Donli in collaboration with other foreign partners and law enforcement agencies will continue to smoke out suspected human traffickers and make them to face justice just like their counterparts in Nigeria.

The News Agency of Nigeria recalls that operatives of NAPTIP and National Crimes Agency (NCA) had during a joint operation tagged “Operation REDROOT”, arrested Iyamu under the joint counter-trafficking project called Joint Border Task Force (JBTF).

It said with the latest development, Iyamu had become the first person to be convicted under new modern slavery laws, after being found guilty of trafficking five Nigerian women to Germany to work as prostitutes.

She said that Iyamu was prosecuted under the Modern Slavery Act involving victims who had no connection to the UK but had been victimised by a British national.

“Jurors were told the 51-year-old Liberia-born British citizen forced the women to swear oaths to hand over money to her during `juju’ ceremonies.

“These included forcing women to eat chicken hearts, drink blood containing worms, and have powder rubbed into cuts.

“Iyamu, formerly of Bermondsey in London, then arranged for the women to be trafficked across the Mediterranean, with one being told to pay a bill of 37,000 Euro (about 32,700 dollars),” the statement read in part.


Mother Shoots Son During Argument

A 66 year old mother has been arrested for allegedly shooting her son. She claimed he left before she was able to have the last word during their argument, has reported.

Priscilla Ethridge, 66, was arrested for allegedly shooting her adult son after saying: “I’ll be damned if I let him have the last word,” following an argument.

According to police in Florida, United States, Ethridge and her 46-year-old son were arguing over a cell phone. The son left his mother’s home and drove away on his bicycle. However, his mother was furious because she was not able to have the last word. She got into her car and pulled up next to her son before opening fire on him.

Luckily, the man survived and the woman was arrested on charges of aggravated assault with a firearm.

Girl Child Education Low in Nigeria – CAST

A professor at the Missouri State University in the United States, Prof. Jamaine Abidogun has said that the level of girl child education in Nigeria is very low and needs to be addressed for equal inclusiveness at all levels and among all genders.

She made this known while delivering a lecture at a workshop organized by the Centre for American Studies (CAST) at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka adding that the enrolment of girls in school tend to go down as some of them reportedly dropout to help their parents or hawk on the streets.

“I’m here today to promote integration of western education as a collaboration with Nigerian-American efforts and also to increase awareness for equity for girls’ and boys’ studies for gender studies in education. I think on the primary level, this is good as any country but on the secondary level, the girls tend to drop out of school and that has to be addressed especially in the sciences.

Most girls by the time they are in secondary school they are helping their parents and most especially their mother and there has to be an arrangement where they have more time to study when they are at home because it’s not enough to just leave them like that.

“Just like the boys, they need to be able to concentrate on their studies so that they are prepared to face the next phase in their education. This is seen more in the rural areas where the infrastructures are not available and sometimes not accessible. It amazing that simple things like good sanitation, good toilets so that boys and girls have privacy and accommodated while they are on the school ground are not there.

These are what keep children in school both male and female so that they feel safe that the school is taking care of them and will help them move up,” she noted.

On the situation of girl child education in the US, she said “We have our own gap on girl child education in the US though it is not as severe as this but we still have our own gaps like in the sciences girls are still under represented in the US.

I think the two exceptions are normally nursing and pharmacy just like here in Nigeria but we still struggle for equity in gender for the sciences and in particular technology is a bit better because more girls are moving out but at the corporate level there is not enough female CEOs running the technology and science industry and we are going to address that in the US just like it needs to be addressed elsewhere,” she said.

Early in his remark, the director Center for American Studies Prof. Jonah Onuoha said “today’s event is very remarkable as it is the second time in a space of 4 months that the Center for American Studies is playing host to two American scholars. The first in February during the Black History Month lecture in collaboration with Public Affairs of US Embassy in Nigeria”

“Since the establishment of CAST, UNN in 1998, the Center has been involved in organizing conferences, public lectures, seminars and workshops. Today’s lecture has added to the series of public lectures organized in UNN by the center”.

Prof. Onuoha thank the vice chancellor, Prof. Chukwuma Ozumba and his team for providing the Center with the necessary support for organizing the programme. He also thanked the US Ambassador to Nigeria and his team for believing in the ability of the Center to deliver by entrusting her with the organization of the public lecture in UNN.

30 Junior Students Gang Raped During Cult Initiations In Enugu

10 JSS1 students and 14-15 JSS2 -JSS3 students respectively have been arrested by the anti-cultism squad of Enugu State Police Command. The cult belonging to the Viron Queens or White Angels confraternities, Sun reports.

Enugu State Commissioner of Police, Mohammed Danmallam, revealed that the operation was carried out after the Command received a tip-off that students of several Enugu secondary schools are in heinous crimes.

According to Danmallam, the Command received a 30-name list of JSS students who were allegedly raped and initiated into cult groups.

Some of the students arrested were identified as Naomi Peace,15, Ruth Nwoke, 14, Chibuogu Adaeze, 15 and Ujunwa Ede, 14. Others were Chiemerie Olisakure, 15, Akalisi Chisom, 14 and Ogbu Ebere, 14.

The trio of Edeh, Peace and Nwoke told Saturday Sun they were introduced to the cult by a friend and at their initiation in 2017, were raped each by 5 different boys.

Another victim, Adaeze, claimed “We didn’t know they put drugs in the drinks they gave us. From there, we were initiated and raped by six boys.” Olisakure also added: “We were threatened not to tell anybody.

The irony is that at the closing hour of the school, three of the same boys who initiated us would come with bike and take us away to have sex with us. After that, they give us N1,500, as transport fare.”

Chisom, also raped by five boys, said the incident took place at a friend’s party in a hotel. She further alleged, “Some of our teachers know that we are members of Viron Queen Confraternity.

We don’t respect our male and female teachers. Some of them used the advantage to sleep with us because we don’t want them to tell our parents.” Some of them also confessed to indulging in cigarette smoking and drinking beer at parties or clubs.

The Commissioner of Police, Danmallam, said the police are still investigating the case. The next phase of action, he added, is detectives going after those who raped and initiated the girls.

Friday, June 29, 2018

Pharmacists Council Seals off 378 Pharmacies In Osun State

The Pharmacists Council of Nigeria has sealed off 378 medicine stores including 20 pharmacies across Osun State for failure to abide by the rules laid down by the council for persons and premises involved in drug distribution.

The Director, Inspection and Monitoring, PCN, Mrs. Antonia Aruya, said this at a press conference she addressed in Osogbo on Friday after carrying out enforcement exercise that lasted a whole week.

She also lamented the high number of illiterate patent medicine vendors, who she stressed did not know the names of the drugs they dispensed let alone possess the required knowledge to handle drugs.

Aruya said drugs should not be left to ignorant persons to handle because improper handling of drugs is very dangerous to the health of the people.

READ ALSO: Boy, 16, charged with murder of 15-year-old Nigerian rapper

The PCN director said it was required for all pharmaceutical facilities  to be registered with the PCN and to ensure continuous licensure of same to legally start drug distribution and dispensing.

She said, “As at today, the council had visited 27 states across the nation and observations from the field in Osun State revealed that many people go into sales of medicines without following due process. Others do not have the requisite knowledge or skills to handle medicines in their premises or are operating beyond their approved scope.

“It is also quite disheartening that some cannot communicate in English and they operate these illegal shops at will to the detriment of the unsuspecting members of the public. The implication of these actions exposes the general public to a great danger. This is the second visit by the PCN to Osun State following their foot-dragging attitude to submit to regulation.

“We visited various parts of Osun State since Monday and at the end of the exercise, a total of 501 premises comprising of pharmacy and PPMVL were visited. Three hundred and seventy-eight premises were sealed, comprising 20 pharmacies and 358 PPMVS.

Nine premises were given compliance directive for various offences ranging from improper handling of controlled substances, unhygienic environment and poor documentation, dispensing ethical/prescription drugs without the presence of pharmacist.”

Aruya advised members of the public to always source drugs from registered pharmacy outlets to avoid buying drugs that had been rendered ineffectual due to poor handling of same by unlicensed medicine vendors.

She stated that the PCN had already put in place minimum standards of practice to ensure that the quality, safety and efficacy of medicines standards were maintained down the distribution value chain.


Am Innocent- Pastor Who Was Accused Of Sexually Assaulting Church Members Crys Out

A Kenyan pastor, David Kamau, who has been expelled from his church for allegedly having sexual relations with seven of his female church members. He has claimed that the women seduced him.

Speaking to The Nairobian media, Kamau has denied the allegations, claiming that the women approached him and he expelled one of them who was pressing him too hard for sex.

“I know the complainants have been members of my church. I am surprised that some of them are accusing me yet they are the ones who approached me. The Nyumba Kumi leaders did not give me a chance to defend myself and accused me of being a sex pest,” said the pastor.

When the news escalate, Nyumba Kumi leaders (a local vigilante group) led by their chairman from Kiamaina ward, Benson Mureu and other preachers from the area, stormed the church premises, closed it down and removed a signpost at the gate of the church.

“I have seen many temptations. I didn’t understand why women, married and unmarried kept approaching me, yet I am a married man. I never slept with them. Some of them had to be dismissed from the church,” said Kamau, adding that the women wanted him out of the church.

“I turned down their advances and it did not go well with them. They organised a gang to fight back. They have changed the story to make me look bad. I have not sinned in any way,” he insisted.

He faulted the Nyumba Kumi leaders for closing down his church, claiming he was licensed though he did not report the matter to the police.

“It was wrong for them to close down my church without a fair hearing. My church is licensed as Chosen Holy Church and this is just a plan to taint my name and that of the church,” he claimed.

One of the seven women, he is accused of having sexual relations was delivered of a baby while another one is around five months pregnant, reports Standard Media.

Doctors, Nurses Complete Trauma Care Training in Benue

Planning to contribute quotas towards saving lives in the wake of communal violence affecting Nigeria’s north-central states, over 15 doctors and nurses, on Thursday, completed a three-day training in trauma care at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital (BSUTH), in Makurdi, the Benue State capital.

The training, organised by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, according to the Communication Officer of ICRC, Eleojo Akpa, was aimed to help health workers better access and manage gunshot wounds and other trauma cases.

Akpa added that the training was facilitated by two specialist surgeons, Dr. Lama Dipta form Nepal and Dr. Kenneth Ozoilo from Jos, Nigeria, and focused on life-saving techniques to care for patients with trauma injuries.

One of the course participants, Dr Amina J. Onyewuchi recommended the course for every medical practitioner and paramedic because according to him, “the knowledge of trauma management is very useful to us.”

It could be noted that armed violence had increased in Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa and Taraba states in recent months, which had left several people either injured or killed, while thousands of families had been forced to flee their homes and are now living in host communities or internally displaced persons (IDP) camps.

Benue State known as the Food Basket of the Nation because of its agrarian status, the violence which started since January this year had also disrupted ability to farm and earn a living by the people.

This pogrom had, therefore, left many to depend on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs, from food and water to shelter and medical care.

Boy Dies After Sustaining Head Injury At Playground

An 8 year old boy has died in his sleep just hours after banging his head while playing.

Leo Burton, 8, hit his head on Saturday; however, there were no bruises and he went to bed normally.

On Sunday morning, his mum Natalie, dad Tom, and siblings Courtney, Levi, Liam and Sophia, all woke up but Leo didn't.

It is thought that he may have suffered bleeding in the brain as he slept, however his death is currently under investigation.

Grandmother Michelle Dennis, 49, said: “It’s devastating. I don’t think it has quite sunk in yet.”


Fresh Accident On Otedola Bridge

Just opposite the scene of Thursday’s fire incidence, another car accident occurred today Friday 29-06-18 involving a yellow and black painted commercial bus and a white bus.

According to the Rapid Response Squad, the accident occurred as a result of reckless driving from the Danfo driver who drove against traffic rules.

“Due to the driver’s speed, he hit the Toyota Hiace bus coming into Lagos on the Otedola Bridge,” police said

The police revealed that the buses have been removed from the scene and injured passengers have been taken to the hospital for treatment.

Horrific Collision In Suleja-Minna Road

Over three persons have been confirmed injured in the early hours head-on collision between a fuel tanker and a trailer on 29-06-18, Friday.

The tanker was on load with highly flammable hydrocarbon liquid (Kerosene).

The spokesperson for the Federal Road Safety Corps, Mr. Bisi Kazeem, who confirmed the incident to our correspondent on Friday, said the victims have been taken to the hospital.

“No life was lost,” Kazeem said.

The spokesman said the accident happened at 0857hrs local time, and that the Corps was notified within two minutes, while first responders arrived the scene in 14 minutes at 0913hrs.

“The accident happened on Suleja-Minna road, specifically in Mallam Karo village, on Friday,” Kazeem said.

He noted that the trailer had no visible number plate, while the fuel tanker was loaded with Kerosene — a highly flammable material.

Kazeem said the fuel tanker belongs to Conoil.

“The cause of the crash was speed violation, leading to loss of control,” Kazeem added.

He said that the nature of the crash was serious, being multiple accidents.

“Victims have been taken to the General Hospital Suleja, as they were attended to by FRSC officials and other security agents such as men of the Nigerian Police Force and Fire Service officials from Suleja.

“The vehicles caught fire after a head-on collision,” he submitted.

Queen Elizabeth’s Sex Life Causes Outrage

The Royalists have backed Queen of England and Prince Philip after a new book made sensational claims about their Romantic life.

Lady Colin Campbell caused offence after she suggested that the Queen had a ‘healthy sexual appetite’ and her husband was a ‘flirt’.

The 68-year-old, who was married to the Duke of Argyll’s son Lord Colin Campbell, said the couple had been discussed among their servants after having a wild wedding night in 1947.

When discussing Prince Phillip in the book entitled, The Queen’s Marriage, she wrote: “He loves the company of beautiful women. He’s a huge flirt.

“I don’t know any pretty girl he hasn’t flirted with. He’s flirted with me before. He’s never said anything untoward, he’s just flirtatious.

“The sort of thing he says is, ‘You’re looking good tonight’, but he is a flirt.”

In another section, she claimed Princess Margaret had lied that Philip was cheating to get back at the Queen, which had made her depressed.

But all of her stories, which she apparently learned second hand from a “variety of sources,” have been dismissed as nonsense by supporters of the royal family. Former butler to the royals, Paul Burrell, was having none of it and said: “Anyone can make up these claims. You can only be a true, ­reliable witness to history if you are there.

“Lady Colin Campbell was none of those things.”

Her Majesty’s former press secretary, Dickie Arbiter, was not impressed by the book, saying: “I will not dignify anything Lady Colin Campbell writes or says with a comment.”

Author Judy Wade was also suspicious about the stories, saying: “I have never seen Lady Colin Campbell with a member of the Royal Family, or on a job about the Royal Family.”

But Campbell was standing by what she said. She added: “They know I am honest and they’ve known about this book for a while.

“What I have written stands the test of time and if it’s going to come out, it may as well come out through somebody who is even-handed and balanced, and has no anti-Monarchist agenda.”


Wednesday, June 13, 2018

Natural Ways In Boosting Blood Levels, Beat Sickle Cell Anaemia

Scientists have identified and validated more effective natural ways to boost red blood cell levels and improve quality of life of people living with sickle cell anaemia.

Nigerian researchers have in clinical studies shown that extracts of date palm, beetroot, nettle, fluted pumpkin, cowhage or velvet bean, pawpaw, fig tree and sorghum could be effectively used to improve blood count, as an alternative or compliment to blood transfusion, and heal anaemic conditions such as in sickle cell anaemia and malaria.

Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person’s parents. The most common type is known as sickle-cell anaemia (SCA). It results in an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin found in red blood cells.

This leads to a rigid, sickle-like shape under certain circumstances. Problems in sickle cell disease typically begin around five to six months of age. A number of health problems may develop, such as attacks of pain (“sickle-cell crisis”), anemia, swelling in the hands and feet, bacterial infections, and stroke. Long-term pain may develop as people get older. The average life expectancy in the developed world is 40 to 60 years.

Anaemia is a condition in which there is a deficiency of red cells or of haemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.

A person is said to have anaemia when the number of red blood cells or the concentration of haemoglobin in the blood is low. Haemoglobin is a protein present inside the red blood cells and it helps in the transportation of oxygen to various parts of the body. Women are more prone to anaemia.

Anaemia is a common childhood disease in Nigeria and other developing countries. It is sometimes life threatening and may require urgent blood transfusion. However parents occasionally refuse blood transfusion because of religious or other reasons. Members of the Jehovah witness sect usually refuse blood transfusion for themselves and their wards because of some biblical injunction. The problems and costs attending blood transfusion in our poorly developed health services often tempt some parents to refuse the procedure. It is therefore imperative for physicians to be aware of all available alternatives to blood transfusion.

Until now, a healthy diet is a prerequisite for any anemic patients. Nutritionists recommend foods that are rich in Vitamin B12, folic acid and Vitamin C in the diet apart from most important ingredient iron.

Meanwhile, a sickler, pastor and medical laboratory scientist, Mr. Ugochukwu Gabriel Ejidike, is set to inaugurate a book on the genetic disorder captioned, “Unveiling Sickle Cell Anaemia: Cause, Effect, Treatment and Management” as well as a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO), Initiative For the Prevention and Cure of Sickle Cell Anaemia (IFPCSCA) on World Sickle Cell Day, June 19, 2018 by 10am at Orchids Hotel Asaba, Delta State.

Ejidike is a Principal Medical Laboratory Scientist with Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Anambra State and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of IFPCSCA.

Ejidike told The Guardian: “I am a victim of it and knowing what my family went through as result of this - the sleepless nights, constant visits to hospital and the long admissions - I started researching into the disease. I discovered I had a part to play in creating awareness and helping in its prevention and eradication - hence this book.”

Beetroot intake increases haemoglobin readings
Researchers have shown that intake of red beetroot juice caused increase in blood parameters.

The study published in ISABB Journal Of Food And Agriculture Science is titled “Effect of red beetroot (Beta vulgarisL.) intake on the level of some haematological tests in a group of female volunteers”.

The researchers were led by Nora M. Al-aboud of the Department of Biology, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia.The study discussed the effect of taking 8 g of beetroot for 20 days on the blood samples of female volunteers where the haemoglobin levels before and after the study was recorded

The results showed mild increasein haemoglobin readings, decrease in total iron binding capacity (TIBC), increase in ferritin and decrease in transferrin. Ferritin is found in most tissues as a cytosolic protein, but small amounts are secreted into the serum where it functions as an iron carrier. Plasma ferritin is also an indirect marker of the total amount of iron stored in the body, hence serum ferritin is used as a diagnostic test for iron-deficiency anaemia.

Transferrin is the main protein in the blood that binds to iron and transports it throughout the body. A transferrin test directly measures the level in the blood.

The study concluded: “In this study, we recorded obvious increasein serum iron level, mild increasein hemoglobin and ferritin after taking 8 g of beetroot for 20 days and thus it can be stated that beetroot might have some therapeutic properties for iron deficiency. So, it is suggested that beetroot be put within the dietary protocols for women at childbearing age after doing more advanced studies in this regard.”

Several studies have shown that beetroot is one of the richest sources of folate. Beetroot is also a source of fiber, potassium, manganese, iron, vitamin C, and a number of other vitamins and minerals. Results from several in vitro studies have demonstrated that betalains from beetroots possess powerful antiradical and antioxidant activity. Medicinally, the roots and leaves of the beet have been employed as a folk remedy to treat a wide variety of ailments.

Besides other active chemicals, beetroots contain a unique class of water-soluble, nonphenolic antioxidants, the betalains, including two classes of compounds, red betacyanins (principally betanin) and yellow

Recent studies have provided compelling evidence that beetroot ingestion offers beneficial effects for several pathologies, such as; hypertension, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes and dementia.

Hypertension in particular has been the target of many therapeutic interventions and there are numerous studies that show beetroot, delivered acutely as a juice supplement or in bread to significantly reduce systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera, dabino in Hausa) boosts blood parameters
Nigerian researchers have demonstrated that date palm boost blood parameters orally administered.

The study published in International Journal of Biological and Medical Research (IJBMR) is titled “Haemopoietic activity and effect of crude fruit extract of phoenix dactylifera on peripheral blood parameters.”

Haemopoietic means pertaining to or related to the formation of blood cells.

Phoenix dactylifera (date palm), has been reported to posses a variety of pharmacological activities which indicate its usefulness in various kinds of diseases and disorders.

The present study was aimed at investigating the haemopoietic activity of crude fruit extract of Phoenix dactylifera and its effect on peripheral blood parameters.

Fifty Wistar rats weighing 100 to 200 grams and aged two to three months obtained from the Animal House of College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus were acclimatized for two weeks. They were divided into 10 groups of five rats per group labeled A1 ,A2, B1, B2, C1, C2, D1, D2, E1 and E2.

The first five groups were orally administered with graded doses of the crude Aqueous Extract of P. Dactylifera (AEPD) (A1=0.4, B1=0.1, C1=0.52, D1=0.90 mg/kg body weight and E1 [control]= 0.24ml Dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) while the second five groups were orally administered with graded doses of the crude Methanolic Extract of P. Dactylifera (MEPD) (A2=0.4, B2=0.1, C2=0.52, D2=0.90 mg/kg body weight and E2[control]=0.24ml DMSO).

The administrations were once daily for 112 days. On Day 113, 2.5ml of blood samples were collected from each rat through the retro bulbar plexus of the median canthus of the eye into tri-potassium- Ethylenediamine tetracetic acid (K3-EDTA) anticoagulant container and bone marrow was also collected for the analysis using stantard operative procedure.

The results revealed dosage dependent significant increase in Absolute values, Red Blood Cell (RBC), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Reticulocytes and Platelet count in both aqueous and methanolic extract when compared with the controls. The total and differential white blood cell counts and bone marrow examination did not differ significantly when compared with the controls.

Fluted pumpkin
Commonly called fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis is called Ugu in Ibo; Aworoko, Eweroko in Yoruba, Ikong or Umee in Efik and Ibibio, and Umeke in Edo

Nigerian researchers have shown the efficacy of fluted pumpkin vegetable extracts in the management of severe anemia in children.

According to the study published in The Internet Journal of Alternative Medicine and Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, case reports of two severely anaemic patients, whose parents refused blood transfusion and were subsequently managed with oral intakes of the fluted pumpkin vegetable extracts, with satisfactory rise in the haematocrit levels.

The results showed that the pre-pumpkin extracts administration pack cell volume of 15 per cent in both of them, rose to 20 per cent in one and 25 per cent in the other, 24 hours post administration of the extract.

The researchers concluded: “The fluted pumpkin vegetable extract was efficacious in the management of severe anaemia in these two children and may be useful in pediatric patients with severe anemia whose parents refuse blood transfusion. The vegetable extract may have an even greater role in the prevention of anaemia if intake is instituted early. Wider studies are needed to investigate these hypotheses.”

Cowhage and fig tree
Commonly called cowhage, velvet bean (Agbala or Agbaloko in Ibo and Werepe in Yoruba), the leaves and seeds of Mucuna pruriens could be effectively used to boost blood levels and fertility in women.

So patients with low blood levels may no longer have need for blood transfusion and taking of blood capsules or tonics. Also, women that are looking for the fruit of the womb need not despair.

A study published in journal Biokemistri by researchers from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, comparative effects of ethanolic extracts of Ficus carica (fig tree) and Mucuna pruriens leaves on haematological parameters in albino rats.

The comparative effects of the ethanolic extracts of Ficus carica and Mucuna pruriens on haematological parameters were investigated in albino rats. The animals were divided into three main groups: group 1 which, served as the control, received 5.0ml/kg body weight of normal saline, while groups two and three received a daily administration (per os) of 200mg/k/g body weight of extracts of M. pruriens and F. carica respectively for 14 days.

Results showed that the extracts significantly increased the haemoglobin concentration, Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and red blood cell count by the 14th day when compared with the control.

F. carica was found to be more effective than M. pruriens in elevating the red blood cell count, especially by the 14th day. The two extracts, however, significantly decreased the total white blood cell count, as well as the percentage neutrophils, when compared with the control group, but not significant between test groups, even by the 14thday. Phytochemical analyses showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, cardiac glycosides and carbohydrates in both plants. Tannins were present in F. carica but not in M. pruriens. These results thus justify the ethnobotanical use of these plants as blood building herbs.

Also, researchers have demonstrated the anti-anaemic potentials of aqueous extract of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) stem bark in rats.

Sorghum bicolor belongs to the plant family Poaceae. It makes a refreshing non-alcoholic beverage, kunu-zaki (in Hausa), and tasty pap, akamu (in Ibo), and thick porridge, tuwo dawa (in Hausa). It is fermented to make sorghum beer called burkutu or pito, or made into flour and mixed with bean flour then fried to make dawaki.

Temidayo Oladiji, T. O. Jacob and Musa Yakubu of the University of Ilorin, Kwara State, published the study in Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

The researchers investigated the effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Sorghum bicolor stem bark at the doses of 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight on iron sufficient and iron deficient weaning rats. Weaning rats of 21 days old were maintained on iron sufficient and iron deficient diets for six weeks before the administration of the aqueous extract of Sorghum bicolor stem bark at various doses for seven days. Proximate analysis of the iron sufficient and iron deficient diets showed that they were similar except in the amount of iron.

Phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloids and saponins. Extract administration produced significant increase in haemoglobin, packed cell volume and red blood cells in iron sufficient and iron deficient groups. There was also significant increase in the catalase activity of the rat liver and kidney without any significant change in the serum catalase activity.

The results revealed that extract administration has restored the anaemic condition in the iron deficient group and thus lend credence to its use in folklore medicine in the management of anaemia.

Avocado, mango, pawpaw combo used for the treatment of pain, blood deficiencies
Another study published in African Journal of Biomedical Research evaluated pharmacological effect of a Nigerian Polyherbal health tonic tea in rats.

The researchers from the Departments of Pharmacology and Pathology/Forensic Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, conducted a fourteen day study, designed to investigate the haematological and biochemical effects of single, daily oral doses of 100 – 600 mg/kg of a Nigerian Polyherbal Tonic Tea (PHT) in four groups of adult Wistar rats.

Acute oral toxicity test of PHT at the limit dose of 5000 mg/kg was also conducted using Up-and-Down Procedure on statistical software programme (AOT425StatPgm, Version 1.0.). Results showed PHT to induce significant dose-related elevation in the PCV, platelet, total leukocyte counts and lymphocyte differentials, while causing significant suppression of granulocyte differentials in dose-related fashion. PHT, also, induced a significant dose-dependent rise in the fasting blood sugar, which was at variance with its folkloric use as an oral hypoglycemic agent. PHT did not induce mortality at the tested limit oral dose, indicating its relative oral safety up to 5000 mg/kg on acute exposure.

PHT is one of the several polyherbal remedies in Nigeria, used in folkloric medicine in Southwest Nigeria for the treatment of an array of diseases affecting humans. It is composed of pulverized, dried leaves of Persea Americana or avocado (Lauraeae), Morinda lucida (Rubiaceae), Magnifera indica or mango (Anacardiaceae), Carica papaya or pawpaw (Caricaceae), Vernonia amygdalina or bitter leaf (Compositae) and Cassia occidentalis or stinging weed/coffee weed (Caesalpiniaceae), all combined in equal weight ratio.

Morinda lucida belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. It is commonly called Brimstone tree. It is Oruwo or Erewo in Yoruba, Eze-ogu or Njisi in Ibo.

PHT is used for the treatment of pain, blood deficiencies, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, malaria, fever, inflammations, as immune booster and in the improvement of blood circulation.

Pawpaw and sorghum
Also, Nigerian researchers have achieved 93 per cent anti-sickling properties and 84 per cent reversal activities with Carica papaya and Sorgum bicolor extract. Sorghum bicolor is commonly called guinea-corn or sweet sorghum. Guinea corn is called dawa in Hausa.

The study was published in African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology by researchers from Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State and Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun-State.

Traditionally in Nigeria, S. bicolor is used as a blood builder and used in the treatment of sickle cell crisis. A four - five day cold infusion of a mixture of S. bicolor leaves and Carica papaya unripe fruit pulp is used by the Yorubas (western Nigeria) to alleviate bone pains.

A herbal preparation made with Sorghum bicolor has been able to boost blood levels (treat anemia), stop pain and inflammation, reverse cell damage (antioxidant), and increase cellular immunity in Persons Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in animal and human models.

Nigerian researchers have also shown the anti-sickling properties of crude juice extracts of the edible portions of three commonly consumed tropical fruits namely Persia Americana (avocado), Citrus sinensis (orange) and Carica papaya.

The study was published in African Journal of Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicines.

Fagara zanthoxyloides and Cajanus cajan
Researchers have clearly demonstrated that plant-based antioxidants replete in Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea in English, fio fio in Igbo), Fagara zanthoxyloides (Chewing stick in English, orin ata in Yoruba), fishes, fruits and vegetables, nuts and whole grains, and nutritional supplements can compensate for some inborn defect of sickle cell anaemia.

The studies suggest that for people with Sickle Cell Disorder (SCD), it means healthier red blood cells, less anaemia and pain, and other improvement in health.

Nigerian researchers have reported a randomised single-blind placebo controlled study, which showed that the extract of Cajanus cajan reduced the frequency of painful crises and possibly ameliorated the adverse effects of SCA on the liver in children aged one to15 years.

Cajanus cajan is a popular food in developing tropical countries and belongs to the plant family Fabaceae. Nutritious and wholesome, the green seeds (and pods) serve as vegetable.

The results of this study by researchers at the College of Medicine University of Lagos (CMUL)/Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idi-Araba, published in the Journal of Tropical Paediatrics, are encouraging when viewed in the light of increasing concern about the benefit of new conventional therapies like Hydroxyurea in an African setting where limited resources make widespread use, monitoring of side effects, and toxicities virtually impossible.

In summary, evidence from this study shows that the extract of Cajanus cajan appears to be safe, easily administered and efficacious in reducing painful crises and may offer increased benefit to patients with SCA in future.

Indian almond
Nigerian researchers have also studied the anti-sickling activity of Terminalia catappa leaves harvested at different stages of growth.

According to the study published in the Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine, the aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts of Terminalia catappa, a fruit bearing tree, popular in folkloric medicine for the treatment of sickle cell anaemia disease were assessed for their in-vitro anti-sickling activities. Extracts were prepared from the reddish-brown freshly fallen leaves, reddish-brown leaves and green leaves of the plant by maceration in the solvents.

Indian almond is botanically called Terminalia catappa and belongs to the plant family combretaceae. It is found in almost every town and village in southern Nigeria.

Studies have shown that diabetes and its attendant complications (erectile dysfunction/premature ejaculation, leg ulcer/gangrene, liver/ kidney failure), lung cancer and sickle cell anaemia can be addressed with extracts of Indian almond.


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